Zonia Baber

Overview

Zonia Baber (née Mary Arizona) born Kansas, IL August 24, 1862 (d. 1956). Geography professor; feminist; pacifist; anti-racist; anti-imperialist; WILPF member of Balch mission to Haiti 1926 leading to end of US military occupation; promoted Puerto Rican suffrage; mapped world peace monuments.

Quotations

"[A] drift toward imperialism, a movement veiled and therefore more dangerous, dangerous to the liberty of our neighbors, dangerous to our own democracy." (Baber and Balch, Occupied Haiti, p. 149, 1926; 1924 photo Swarthmore Peace Coll. WILPF)

Hannah Johnston Bailey

Overview

Hannah Johnston Bailey born Cornwall-on-the-Hudson, NY July 5, 1839 (d. 1923). Quaker head of Peace & Arbitration Department of Women's Christian Temperance Union 30 years 1887-1916, the most influential American peace organization of the last quarter of nineteenth century; editor of two peace publications, Pacific Banner and The Acorn 1889-1895; opposed all wars and conscription; suffragist, opposed capital punishment; officer of Universal Peace Union promoting nonviolent resolution of disputes, opposing imperialism; joined Women’s Peace Party opposing World War I, and WILPF.

Quotations

"The subject of peace is one of vital importance to women. . . It is her mission to bring life, not death, to this world. It is not consistent with this mission that she should bring sons into the world, and in sorrow and self sacrifice bring them to noble manhood to be slain in battle. The life of one boy (if he were my boy) is of more value than the perpetuation of a government." (1887 Lake Mohonk Conference, in John Craig, "Hannah Johnston Bailey." Quaker History, p. 3, Spring 1995; photo Swarthmore Peace Coll.)

Eva-Lee Baird

Overview

Eva-Lee Baird born New York, NY April 29, 1940. Grandmother for Peace; art teacher; photographer; arrested 2005 for protest at New York recruiting station; acquitted; Toys-R-us protest 2006; protested Obama wars 2009.

Quotations

We’ve been involved in social justice and civil rights all our adult lives.” (The Daily Beast, Dec. 4, 2014)

"The merchants of war are putting tremendous pressure on President Obama to lead the country down a path of destruction. We the people must pressure him to choose the path of peace." (March 17, 2009, Joan Wile blog; photo the epoch times)

Ella Baker

Overview

Ella Baker born Norfolk, VA December 13, 1903 (d. 1986). Nonviolent human rights activist; founder of Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, 1960; Southern Christian Leadership Council, 1957; Director NAACP, 1943-6; protested Ethiopian War, 1936; WILPF.

Quotations

"We are not fighting for the freedom of the Negro alone, but for the freedom of the human spirit, a larger freedom that encompasses all mankind." (Zinn SNCC 106; photo Ella Baker Ctr. wikicommons pd)

Sara Josephine Baker

Overview

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Sara Josephine Baker born Poughkeepsie, NY November 15, 1873 (d. 1945). Physician; first US woman to serve in League of Nations, as representative to Health Committee, 1922-4; pioneer in public health, esp. for immigrants.

Quotations

"Women could force the world to abandon war as a national policy if they would simply refuse to bear children until governments came to their senses, or realized that there would be no future soldiers." (Fighting for Life, p. 243; photo pd Wiki)

Anna Baltzer

Overview

Anna Baltzer born Berkeley, CA August 22, 1979. American Jewish defender of Palestinian rights; International Women’s Peace Service volunteer documented nonviolent resistance 2004.

Quotations

Israel is not the peace-seeking democratic state that most Zionists believe it to be. Many don’t realize that Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza live under a system of segregation, constant military attacks, house demolitions, land confiscation, imprisonment without trial, and torture. They don’t realize that Palestinian citizens of Israel do not have equal rights, but live as second or third-class citizens.” (Virtual Mosque, Dec. 24, 2009; photo elderofziyon.blog)

Anais Barbeau-Lavalette

Overview

Anaïs Barbeau-Lavalette born Montreal, Canada February 8, 1979. Canadian film producer and actress; human rights advocate. Won Artists for Peace Award for film Inch’Allah on Palestine violence, 2012.

Quotations

"Everything that makes us what we are is threatened. That is war. It can enter us and ravage us. We aren’t immune to it. War doesn’t belong only to other people. I think by focusing on an alter ego, it’s easier to grasp the 'humanity' behind the 'inhumanity' of war." (Michel Coulombe interview, 2012; photo ellequebec)

Judi Bari

Overview

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Judi Bari born Baltimore, MD November 7, 1949 (d. 1997). Environmental activist; labor organizer; ecofeminist; leader of Earth First!, 1979; nearly killed by bomb in nonviolent Redwood Summer, 1990.

Quotations

"It is the hatred of feminine, which is the hatred of life, that has helped bring about the destruction of the planet. And it is the strength of women that can restore the balance we need to survive." (The Feminization of Earth First! May 1992; photo judibari.org)

Maude Barlow

Overview

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Maude Barlow born Toronto, Canada May 24, 1927. Nonviolent internationalist, co-founded Blue Planet Project 2001; co-founded nonviolent Council of Canadians 1985; won Alternative Nobel Prize 2005; co-founded World Future Council 2004.

Quotations

"[I]f we can get water defined as a human right—which it is. . . You can’t really charge for a human right; you can’t trade it or deny it to someone because they don’t have money." (Mother Jones, Jan. 14, 2005; photo foodandwaterwatch.org)

Laura Clifford Barney

Overview

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Laura Clifford Dreyfus-Barney born Cincinnati, OH November 30, 1879 (d. 1974). Baha’i leader. Promoted League of Nations and United Nations. Fluent in Farsi and French. Nurse with American Ambulance Corps, 1914-15, and American Red Cross in France, 1916-18. Representative of International Council of Women at League of Nations and UN; only woman appointed by League Council to Education Committee, 1926. Headed committee to promote peace through film and radio. Active in Institute on World Organization planning for postwar organizations, including UNICEF.

Quotations

"But in our faith, we are to conquer the enemy by wisdom and love." (the woman Qurrat’l-‘Ain, in her play “God’s Heroes”, 1909, p. 36; photo thejourneywest.org)

Ruth Tiffany Barnhouse

Overview

Ruth Tiffany Barnhouse born Grenoble, France October 23, 1924 (d. 1999). American psychiatrist, professor at Southern Methodist University, and Episcopal priest. Keynote speaker on "Peace, the Universal Yearning: the Voices of Women” at the first International Women’s Peace Conference, Dallas, 1988. President of Peacemakers, 1988.

Quotations

"Women underestimate their own gifts. . . We are in serious trouble when the feminine principle is devalued. Women appreciate the role of emotion in good decision making." (Aug. 8, 1988, in Episcopal News Service, Sept. 22, 1988; crop keep photo on left; salon.com)

Clara Barton

Overview

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Clara Barton born Oxford, MA December 25, 1821 (d. 1912). Pioneering war nurse, providing what she called "war on war itself." Founded American Red Cross, 1881, and extension of relief to peacetime disasters; achieved US signature to Geneva Convention, 1882.

Quotations

"If we would do efficient work in alleviating the sufferings caused by the barbarisms of war. . . we should organize philanthropic efforts and be ready for whatever is necessary, to be on the field at the sound of the first gun." (The Red Cross, p. 26; 1866 Brady photo wikicommons pd)