Margaret Ann Backhouse

Overview

Margaret Ann Backhouse born Darlington, Durham, England May 4, 1884 (d. 1977). Quaker head of Friends Service Council who received Nobel Peace Prize for Quaker relief 1947; founded British Campfire Girls 1921; teacher Westhill College, Birmingham.

Quotations

War will not cease until mankind has learnt the positive nature of peace. We speak of the present and the between-the-war period as 'peace-time' but we all know that it would be truer to describe the condition as the period when there is no official warfare. There is not peace in the minds of men and there will not be until we have replaced misunderstanding by sympathy—fear by trust—jealousy and hatred by love.” (Oslo, Dec. 12, 1947)

Alice Bailey

Overview

Alice Bailey (née Bateman) born Manchester, England June 16, 1880 (d. 1949). Esoteric teacher, promoter of UN; founder of World Goodwill 1932, "Love in Action."

Quotations

"What are right human relations but love among men, groups and nations? What is international cooperation but love on a world scale?" (Externalisation of the Hierarchy, p. 602, 1957; photo divinetruth.com)

Matilde Bajer

Overview

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Matilde Bajer (née Schlüter) born Frederikseg, Denmark January 4, 1840 (d. 1934). Danish peace leader; peace partner of 1908 Nobel Peace Prize laureate; feminist and suffragist. Founded Danish Women's Peace Assn., 1906; first woman elected to Danish upper house, 1918; first president Women's Union for Progress, 1886. (photo da.Wikipedia)

Christina C. Bakker-van Bosse

Overview

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Christina C. Bakker-van Bosse born Batavia, Java, Dutch East Indies June 17, 1884 (d. 1963). Dutch pacifist and feminist; co-founded NAOR Netherlands Antiwar League 1914; founded women’s organization DAWIEC; book on European minorities The Open Wound of Europe 1930; only woman founder of World Federation of UN Associations WFUNA 1946; Women’s mission to Palestine 1935.

Florence Balgarnie

Overview

Florence Balgarnie born Scarborough, Yorkshire, England August 19, 1856 (d. 1928). Militant British suffragette; international speaker on reform; pacifist leader of International Arbitration & Peace Association; Secretary of British Anti-lynching League.

Quotations

"If only the women of England could be made to feel half as much for the horrors of a great battle as they cared for the smashing of their best tea-things at home, we should very soon see war cease." (Heloise Brown, The Truest Form of Patriotism, p. 128, 2003)

Anna Laetitia Barbauld

Overview

Anna Laetitia Barbauld (née Aikin) born Kibworth-Harcourt, Leicestershire, England June 20, 1743 (d. 1825). English poet schoolmistress who wrote against slave trade and war.

Quotations

"War is a state in which all our feelings and our duties suffer a total and strange inversion." ("Sins of Government", Works vol. II, p.107; photo martinfrost.ws)

Mary Barbour

Overview

Mary Barbour (née Rough) born Kilbarchan, Scotland February 22, 1875 (d. 1958). Labor organizer; pacifist; birth control advocate for married women. Organized "Mrs. Barbour's Army," comprising tens of thousands of women in nonviolent rent strike in Glasgow, 1916; founded Scottish branch of International League and Women's Peace Crusade protesting World War I, 1916. Established the Women's Welfare and Advisory Clinic, Glasgow's first family planning center, 1925.

Nora Stanton Blatch Barney

Overview

Nora Stanton Blatch Barney born Basingstoke, Hampshire, England September 30, 1883 (d. 1971). First American woman civil engineer; radio electronics pioneer and architect; third-generation suffragist peacemaker: granddaughter of Seneca Falls pioneer Elizabeth Cady Stanton, daughter of Harriot Stanton Blatch; author of World Peace Through a Peoples Parliament (1944); opposed Korean War.

Quotations

"Travel by stagecoach is out of date. Kings are out of date: communication by canalboat is out of date; an aristocracy is out of date, none more so than a male aristocracy." (1909, in Suzanne Fischer, "Nora Stanton Blatch", Public Historian, 2010; photo Britannica.com)

Ruth Tiffany Barnhouse

Overview

Ruth Tiffany Barnhouse born Grenoble, France October 23, 1924 (d. 1999). American psychiatrist, professor at Southern Methodist University, and Episcopal priest. Keynote speaker on "Peace, the Universal Yearning: the Voices of Women” at the first International Women’s Peace Conference, Dallas, 1988. President of Peacemakers, 1988.

Quotations

"Women underestimate their own gifts. . . We are in serious trouble when the feminine principle is devalued. Women appreciate the role of emotion in good decision making." (Aug. 8, 1988, in Episcopal News Service, Sept. 22, 1988; crop keep photo on left; salon.com)

Madeleine Barot

Overview

Madeleine Barot born Châteauroux, France July 4, 1909 (d. 1995). French theologian in World War II Resistance, aiding escape of Jews, Roma and political opponents of Hitler; ecumenical scholar; opponent of torture; founded Creators of Peace 1991.

Quotations

"Women are more sensitive to the injustices others are suffering. . . This thirst for justice leads them to become peacemakers." (Michael Henderson, All Her Paths Are Peace, p. 2, 1994; photo archives.wcc-coe.org)

Suzanne Bastid

Overview

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Suzanne Bastid (née Basdevant) born Rennes, Brittany, France August 15, 1906 (d. 1965). International lawyer, first French woman professor of law; on first international (League of Nations) committee on status of women 1937; President World Court 1949-52.

Quotations

"[The right to use force] exists only in the case of legitimate defence and collective action against aggression." (Cours d'Institutions Internationales, p. 247, 1956; photo intlawgirls)

Agnes Bauerlein

Overview

Agnes Bauerlein (née Schretien) born Nijmegen, Netherlands February 12, 1928 (d. 2015). American war resister after family died in allied bombing 1944; social worker; influenced by Dorothy Day; welcomed Vietnamese refugees 1975; put up Berrigans during their trial 1982; arrested DC for nuclear protest; jailed 10 days for destroying nuclear weapons plans in AVCO plant 1983; month in Iraq desert with Gulf Peace Team 1991 trying to avert war. a week in prison for Iraq War protest 2001.

Quotations

It is my fear that we in the U.S. are just as apathetic as the German population in the late 1930s. I certainly see apathy on the nuclear issue. The U.S. military complex is alive and well, and the prospect of its growth is very real unless we, the American people, let our democratic government know that we don’t need it.” (Satya, Sep. 2001; photo New York Times)

Beatrix of The Netherlands

Overview

Queen Beatrix of The Netherlands, born Baarn, Netherlands January 31, 1938. Received pacifist education in Bilthoven; awarded Charlemagne Prize for European Unity, 1996.

Quotations

"We must not confine peace and freedom, security and wealth only to Western Europe. That would be inequitable and shortsighted." (Acceptance speech; 2008 photo Wikipedia)

Lydia Becker

Overview

Lydia Becker born Chadderton, Lancashire, England February 23, 1827 (d. 1890). English suffrage leader, scientist, and peace advocate. Opposed Franco-Prussian War, 1870-71; Bosnia War, 1876; first Boer War, 1878.

Quotations

An unnecessary war is a national crime. Shall women be dragged into this crime against their consent? A war involves heavy and grinding taxation. . . A war involves bereavement and misery.” (Englishwoman’s Review, Feb. 1, 1878, in Heloise Brown, The Truest Form of Patriotism, p. 34; portrait Girton College)

Ria Beckers

Overview

Catherina "Ria" Beckers-De Bruijn born Driebergen, Netherlands November 2, 1938 (d. 2006). Dutch politician; environmentalist; classics teacher. First woman to head a Dutch political party, the environmental Political Party Radicals (PPR), 1977; later became head of GreenLeft Party, 1990-93. Opposed Gulf War, 1990, Iraq War, 2003. (photo nrc.nl)

Bodil Begtrup

Overview

Bodil Begtrup born Nyborg, Denmark November 12, 1903 (d. 1987). Danish diplomat and feminist; delegate to League of Nations, 1938; founder and first chair of UN Commission on Women, 1947; led work on Declaration of Human Rights, 1948; first Danish female ambassador, 1949; led rescue of children from war.

Quotations

"If we want the women of the world to take an active part in the affairs of the world and of their communities, we must do more than give them equal status with men and urge them on to active public life—we must make it possible for them to accept their responsibilities as citizens, to freely, and without anxiety or strain, take their place with men in order to accomplish, jointly, with the men of the world, those great tasks that must be fulfilled if thinking and living on this earth are to transcend to any degree at all the thinking and living it has known so far!" (1946, http://bit.ly/SFQwcs; photo Nurn. Menschenrechts Zen.)

Sarla Behn

Overview

Sarla Behn (née Catherine Mary Heilman) born Shepherd’s Bush, London, England April 5, 1901 (d. 1982). British Gandhian social reformer. Spent eight years in Gandhi's ashram. Imprisoned two years during the Quit India protests. Founded Lakshmi Ashram to empower women, 1946. Active in Bhave's Bhoodan (“land gift”) movement. Founded Chipko environmental movement, 1972.

Quotations

The education system in Udaipur involved four hours of teaching and four hours of manual working in fields, besides cleaning toilets, washing own clothes and cooking. This spirited me and encouraged me to work more for women and dignity of labour.” (autobiography, in The Tribune, Aug. 24, 2015; photo uttarkhaand-times)

Meg Beresford

Overview

Meg Beresford born London, England September 5, 1937. British campaigner against nuclear weapons. Organizing Secretary for European Nuclear Disarmament (END), 1981-83; General Secretary of Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament, 1985-90.

Quotations

"It's not just the case of trying to stop a nuclear war but of showing that people have been dying for the last 40 years because of the nuclear industry." (New Scientist, p. 88, June 13, 1985)