Women peacemakers born today
1899 Rama Devi Choudhury born Satyabhamapur, Cuttack, India (d. 1985). Gandhian leader; mother of activist Annapurna Maharana. Arrested on three occasions during independence movement, 1921, 1936, 1942; participated in Salt Movement. Organized relief for refugees from Bangladesh violence; helped in famine relief efforts, Koraput, 1951.
1935 Eddie Bernice Johnson born Waco, TX. Psychiatric nurse and politician. US Representative for Dallas, 1993. As head of Congressional Black Caucus, led opposition to Iraq War; opposed Kosovo bombing; voted to exit Afghanistan and Iraq. Supported a Department of Peace and Nonviolence, 2007.
1935 Ellen Moxley born Nanjing, China. Scottish citizen; Quaker pacifist; zoologist. Worked with Friends in Vietnam; took part in Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament protests; founded Dunblane Peace House, 1987. Recipient of Right Livelihood award, 2001; awarded Gandhi Peace Prize, 2004.
1942 Alice Schwarzer born Wuppertal, Germany. Leading German feminist; lifelong pacifist; journalist; controversially advocated women’s military service to break “male craziness” of power, but supported conscientious objection, and hoped other women would follow.
1960 Daryl Hannah born Chicago, IL. Actress; eco-activist who has protested whaling, logging, sexual slavery, Amazon oil; jailed for farm protest; participated in civil disobedience against Iraq War, Los Angeles, 2006.
1980 Zlata Filipovic born Sarajevo. Kept diary of Bosnia War, 1991-93.
Women's peacemaking on this day
1851 Nonviolent abolitionist educational pioneer Myrtilla Miner established teachers school for African-Americans, Washington DC.
1909 10,000 women marched to NY City Hall in garment strike.
1918 Carrie Chapman Catt came up with the idea of League of Women Voters as a "service to welfare of humanity."
1970 Receiving a Public Service medal, Debra Sweet spoke truth to President Nixon. "I can’t believe you’re sincere in giving this award for service, when you’re killing millions of people in Vietnam."
1982 UN General Assembly passed resolution on Participation of Women in Promoting Peace.
2003 Mano River Women's Peace Network (MARWOPNET) awarded UN prize for human rights.
2016 Seattle Women’s March Against Hate, organized by Demi Wetzel and Kelsey Coleman.