Germaine Hannevart

Overview

Germaine Hannevart born Leuze, Hainaut, Belgium August 8, 1887 (d. 1977). Belgian educator, biology professor; became active pacifist after fiancé killed in WWI; militant feminist; peace missions to China and Korea.

Quotations

"[My goal is] The triumph of peace and feminism, not only in the ranks of Belgian university women, but in the whole organism." (Dict. Femmes Belges, p. 307)

"War is repugnant because it has measured all stupidity." (Revue Spirtualité, Jan. 1949; photo gendergeschiedenis.be)

Pamela Churchill Harriman

Overview

Pamela Churchill Harriman (née Digby) born Farnborough, England March 20, 1920 (d. 1997). First female American ambassador to France, 1993; first woman diplomat to receive Legion of Honor.

Quotations

“[The United States and France] have responsibilities to create a world where peace can rule.” (Time, Jul. 5, 1993; photo Wikipedia)

Agatha Harrison

Overview

Agatha Harrison born Sandhurst, Berkshire, England January 23, 1885 (d. 1954). Quaker pacifist mediator; WILPF founding member; friend of Gandhi. Took part in WILPF Peace Crusade for a “Parliament of Peacemakers,” 1928. As co-founder of India Conciliation Group, helped craft Indian independence. Quaker observer to UN General Assembly, 1950. Working towards mediation in Indochina at the time of her death.

Quotations

We knew the Cabinet Ministers personally, we had the privilege of knowing the Indian leaders, and opportunities might arise for mutual Understanding.” (Sue Smith, “Good-goody Fellows? Quakers and the End of Empire in India”; photo quakersintheworld)

Margaret Harrison

Overview

Margaret Harrison born Dumbarton, Scotland May 5, 1918 (d. 2015). British peace activist; co-founded Faslane Peace Camp 1981; arrested 14 times for nonviolent protests; began protests 1951 in CND Aldermaston March.

Quotations

So grab yer banner an’ jine the gang.
Dinna hesitate.
If we let these nukes tak ower oor world
I’m feert it’ll be too late.

(“Forty Years Well Spent”; photo telegraph.co.uk)

Marian Fleming Harwood

Overview

Marian Fleming Harwood (née Reid) born Grenoch, Renfrewshire, Scotland March 9, 1846 (d. 1934). Australian linguist, scholar, and peace activist. Co-founded Sydney Peace Society, 1907. Delegate to Stockholm Peace Conference, 1910. Founding editor of journal Pax, 1912. Supported League of Nations; quietly opposed World War I. Endowed children’s peace prize.

Quotations

[A]rms will never lead to peace, and that we must appeal to reason and justice rather than to force.” (Pax, Aug. 1914; photo dictionaryofSydney.org)

Margaret Hassan

Overview

Margaret Fitzsimmons Hassan born Dalkey, Dublin, Ireland April 18, 1945 (d. 2004). Director of CARE Iraq; opposed Iraq war; kidnapped and murdered Baghdad 2004.

Quotations

"This is a country that should be able to employ its people and give them a life like we live in the West. They know they should be living a decent life." (thinkexist.com; photo intlawgrrls.com)

Jacquetta Hawkes

Overview

Jacquetta Hawkes (née Hopkins) born Cambridge, England August 5, 1910 (d. 1996). Prominent British archaeologist; wrote UNESCO History of Mankind; led Aldermaston March at founding of Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND) 1958; chaired Women Against the Bomb conference London June 1958.

Quotations

"[T]he earliest Neolithic societies throughout their range in time and space gave woman the highest status she has ever known." (History of Mankind, 1963; photo BBC)

Claudia Haydt

Overview

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Claudia HAYDT born Friederichshafen, Würtemburg, Germany December 20, 1966. Sociologist and peace activist. Leader of Green Party BAG Peace and International. Founded Militarization Information Center, Tübingen, 1996.

Quotations

We must face this responsibility. If we do not take note of the barbaric nature of Western war politics, then the same mistakes continue. Terror is barbaric, but the West is always creating new recruitment aid for terrorist organizations through its intervention policy. Western intervention policy is perceived as a terror by many of the affected parties. . . War is not a solution. War is part of the problem!” (April 17, 2017 “News Steps for Peace”; photo commons.wikimedia)

Carolyn Hayman

Overview

Carolyn Hayman born England April 23, 1951. Development expert. Co-founded Peace Direct to help communities to recover from war through local efforts, 2004; Peace Direct UK Executive Director, 2004-present.

Quotations

"[T]he role of women in peacebuilding and community reconstruction needs to be recognized, not because it's the 'right' thing to do, but because that's the way to get the most effective programs." (GenderHopes, December 2013; photo una.org)

 

Astrid N. Heiberg

Overview

Astrid N. Heiberg born Oslo, Norway April 14, 1936. Professor of psychiatry; first woman president of International Red Cross, 1997-2001; peacemaker in Tamil-Sri Lanka war, 2003. Opposed sanctions in Balkans, 1998, and Iraq, 2003.

Quotations

"Let us be clear; sanctions can kill." (May 8, 1998)

"Climate change is no longer a doomsday prophecy, it's a reality." (Grist, June 23, 1999; photo Wikpedia)

Hazel Henderson

Overview

Hazel Henderson born Bristol, England March 27, 1933. Anglo-American economist and futurist. Authored global plan for UN funding, 1995. Opposed Iraq, Afghan wars.

Quotations

”Women know how much time, love and effort goes into raising a child. When war arises, all that is reduced to nothing. . . this is why women’s active participation in conflict resolution is of great importance.” (World People's Blog, Jan. 6, 2007; photo hazelhenderson.com)

Emmy Hennings

Overview

Emmy Hennings (née Emma Cordsen) born Flensburg, Schleswig, Germany January 17, 1885 (d. 1948). Anti-war poet; famed cabaret performer. Fled to Zurich to found antiwar Dada movement.

Quotations

Prison:
We mournfully look out through the iron railing
And have nothing more to lose
Than the life God gave us.
Only Death lies in our hand.
The freedom no one can take from us:
To go into the unknown land.

(photo chrystaljhoffman)

Audrey Hepburn

Overview

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Audrey Hepburn born Brussels, Belgium May 4, 1929 (d. 1993). UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador 1988 with missions to Ethiopia, Somalia, Vietnam, Bangladesh, South America; grew up under German occupation of Netherlands.

Quotations

"'The Third World' is a term I don't like very much, because we're all one world. I want people to know that the largest part of humanity is suffering." (1989 report on Ethiopia; photo Wikipedia)

Jenny d’Héricourt

Overview

Jenny d’Héricourt (née Poinsard) born Besançon, Franche-Comté, France September 10, 1809 (d. 1875). French revolutionary feminist and medical practitioner. Formed Universal Woman's League for Woman's Rights and Universal Peace.

Quotations

[The purpose of the Universal Woman's League for Woman's Rights and Universal Peace is] to extinguish prejudice between nations, to create a common interest through the in[fl]uence of woman, in order to substitute the reign of humanity for the divisions and hatred, and causes of war; and to give aid to the women of all nations in security.” (Chicago, May 1, 1869, in Karen Offen, “Nineteenth Century Feminist”, Signs, Aug. 1987, p. 157; photo Wikipedia)

Eva Hermann

Overview

Eva Hermann (née Lüddecke) born Grünenplan bei Hildesheim, Lower Saxony, Germany May 25, 1900 (d. 1997). German Quaker. Involved with Fellowship of Reconciliation. Sentenced to three years in prison, 1943. Honored as “Righteous Among the Nations” for her efforts to saving Jews during World War II.

Quotations

When one's existence which has seemed quite secure suddenly melts away. . . when every security fails and every support gives way—then one stands face to face with the Eternal and confronts Him without protection and with fearful directness. . . When imprisonment has lasted a certain time it ceases to be punishment. One has removed one’s self from ordinary life and slowly begins to find a new standard.” (Friends Intelligencer, 1947, in Vera Brittain, The Rebel Passion; photo Wallenberg fdn.)

Yella Hertzka

Overview

Yella Hertzka (née Fuchs) born Vienna, Austria February 4, 1873 (d. 1948). Feminist; educator; horticulturalist. Founding member of WILPF; president of Austrian WILPF; urged disarmament of internal militias.

Quotations

"In case of the threat or the declaration of war, to organize women to refuse their support in money, work, or propaganda." (WILPF resolution, May, 1921; US Senate hearing War Dept. 1923, p. 863; photo http://bit.ly/Jfn83G)

Alice Herz

Overview

Alice Herz born Hamburg, Germany May 25, 1882 (d. 1965). Librarian; peace activist; Jewish refugee denied citizenship because of refusal to defend country by arms; died at age 82 of burns after self-immolation to protest Vietnam War, Detroit.

Quotations

"I choose the illuminating death of a Buddhist to protest against a great country trying to wipe out a small country with no reason." (photo theabolitionistmovement.org)