Women peacemakers born today
1801 Fredrika Bremer born Abo, Finland (d. 1865). Swedish author and feminist; co-founded Women’s Society for the Improvement of Prisoners 1854; suffragist.
1885 Clara Wichmann born Hamburg (d. 1922). Dutch jurist, sociologist, feminist, anarchist and philosopher of nonviolence; co-founded Committee on Crime & Punishment 1919; co-founded International Anti-Militarist Bureau 1920.
1912 Elsie Locke born Hamilton, New Zealand. (d. 2001). Author; historian; peace activist; communist; defended Maori rights; opposed conscription and nuclear weapons; co-founded Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament, which led to nuclear free zone; opposed Korean, Vietnam and Iraq Wars.
1919 Shulamith Katznelson born Geneva (d. 1999). Founded Ulpan Akiva language school Netanya for Arabs and Jews 1951; twice nominated for Nobel prize.
1923 Juanita Morrow Nelson (d. 2015) born Cleveland, OH. Black peace activist 50 years; arrested 1943 sit-in; first Freedom Ride Journey of Reconciliation 1947; co-founded war tax resistance Peacemakers, 1948; held record 60+ years war tax refusal; arrested, tried Philadelphia 1959; charges dropped.
1925 Eva Kollisch born Vienna, Austria. American poet and professor of comparative literature. Feminist lesbian peace activist; anti-Stalinist Marxist Trotskyite. Escaped Germany in Childrens’ Transport, 1940. Arrested for anti-Vietnam protests. Received Clara Lemlich Award for Social Activism, 2016.
1960 Naomi Wallace born Prospect, KY. American playwright, poet and professor; peace activist; “The Fever Chart: Three Versions of the Middle East” (2008) exposes the cruelty of Palestine’s occupation and Iraq War; Women’s Boat for Gaza 2016.
Women's peacemaking on this day
1907 Pacifist Clara Zetkin elected Secretary of International Socialist Women, at Stuttgart.
1917 Six suffragettes arrested and sentenced to 60 days, Occoquan Workhouse, without presidential pardon.
1982 Anti-Apartheid activist Ruth First killed by letter bomb, Maputo, Mozambique.
1991 German women formed peace network Women’s Action Scheherazade to protest Iraq War.
1992 Paulette Blair and Carolyn Holmberg arrested Boyd County NB protest against low-level nuclear dump.
2011 Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) faulted US protection against domestic violence in Gonzalez case.
2012 FEMEN women cut down cross in Kiev to support Pussy Riot protests in Russia.
2015: 470 Women of Zabadani, Syria demanded “Stop the Violence!”