August 19

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1856 Florence Balgarnie born Scarborough, Yorkshire (d. 1928). Militant British suffragette; international speaker on reform; pacifist leader of International Arbitration & Peace Association; Secretary of British Anti-lynching League.

  • 1885 Grace Hutchins born Boston, MA (d. 1965). "Revolutionary" labor economist; lesbian partner of pacifist Anna Rochester; leader of nonviolent pacifist Fellowship of Reconciliation 1922-26; later communist; missionary to China; arrested in Sacco-Vanzetti protest 1927.

  • 1914 Margaret Morgan Lawrence born New York, NY. African-American child psychiatrist. Pacifist in World War II and Cold War. Active member of Fellowship of Reconciliation. Received Fellowship of Reconciliation Martin Luther King Jr Award, 2005.

  • 1920 Donna Allen born Petosky, MI (d. 1999). Labor economist; author and editor; historian; feminist; peace and civil rights activist; co-founder Women’s Strike for Peace; founded Women's Institute for Freedom of the Press (WIFP) 1972; opposed CIA intervention Guatemala, nuclear weapons, Vietnam War; arrested for protest against NATO Paris 1965; sentenced for contempt of House Un-American Activities 1966, then exonerated.

  • 1939 Ingela Mårtensson born Ström, Sweden. Swedish politician and peace leader; Liberal member of parliament 1985-94; opposed militarization by NATO; President Peoples Movement NO to EU, with NATO tie; against Indonesian war in Timor 1993.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • 1921 Women's Peace Union founded Niagara Falls, Canada by Elinor Byrns"Under no circumstances is it right to take human life and [we women] pledge ourselves to work for world peace."

  • 1922 Jessie Hooper launched campaign for world peace in her Senate race Blue River WI.

  • 1958 Erica Enzer and Eleanor Calkins led first protest against a Cold War military base, Cheyenne WY.

  • 1958 Clara Luper made first Sit-in at Katz Drugstore, Oklahoma City.

  • 1980 21st WILPF Conference, Quinnipiac University, Hamden, CT.

  • 1983 Canadian women established peace camp at Cold Lake, Alberta.

  • 1989 Csilla von Boeselager's Pan European peace picnic opened refuge from Eastern Europe, first leak in the Iron Curtain.

  • 1991 Russian Peace Society held nonviolent protest against Moscow coup against Gorbachev.

  • 1996 At UCLA's Freud Theater, Winona LaDuke accepted the Green Party vice-presidential nomination.

  • 2013 16th international meeting of Women in Black, Montevideo, Uruguay.