Women peacemakers born today
1810 Betsy Mix Cowles born Bristol, CT (d. 1876). “The Maria Chapman of the West.” Leading abolitionist and suffragist educator. Quaker; absolute pacifist.
1811 Mary Anna Longstreth born Philadelphia, PA (d. 1884). Quaker, absolute pacifist, and educator. Founder and headmistress of Quaker girl's school, Philadelphia, 1829-77. Co-founded world’s first Women's Medical College, Philadelphia, 1850. Promoted Hampton Academy for Indians and Blacks.
1854 Aletta Jacobs born Sappemeer, Netherlands (d. 1929). First Dutch female physician; militant pacifist. Helped organize and hosted WILPF at Hague Congress, 1915.
1879 Narcissa Cox Vanderlip born Quincy, IL (d. 1966). Internationalist; organizer; suffragist. Chairperson of New York League of Women Voters, 1919-23. Promoted League of Nations and World Court with Eleanor Roosevelt.
1910 Anna Sokolow born Hartford, CT (d. 2000). American dancer and choreographer. Produced “Anti-war Trilogy” at the First Anti-War Congress, sponsored by the American League Against War and Fascism, 1933. Established Mexico's first modern dance academy, 1939.
1944 Alice Walker born Eatonton, GA. Author; essayist; poet; activist. With husband Melvyn Leventhal, first legally married interracial couple in Mississippi, 1967. Awarded Pulitzer Prize for Fiction, 1983; recipient of National Book Award, 1983.
1945 Mia Farrow born Los Angeles, CA. American actress and humanitarian. As UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador, active in campaign for African children’s welfare, 2000.
1947 Carla Del Ponte born Lugano, Switzerland. Swiss Attorney General, 1994-99. Prosecutor of the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda, 1999-2008.
1953 Michèle Rivasi born Montélimar, Drôme, France. Ecologist. Founded Radiological Research Commission following Chernobyl disaster, 1986; co-sponsor of forum on nuclear pollution, Polynesia, 1999. Director of Greenpeace France, 2003-04. Member of National Assembly; Green Party member of European Parliament, 2009; Green Party candidate for French Presidency, 2017.
Women's peacemaking on this day
1915 Peace organization The World Union of Women for International Concord founded in Geneva, Switzerland.
1919 Led by Alice Paul, suffragist group The Silent Sentinels burned Woodrow Wilson in effigy at Lafayette Park, opposite White House.
1919 39 women arrested in large-scale watchfire protest; those jailed began hunger strike.
1991 Women Against the War in the Gulf rallied London with the motto, "Stop the War: International Sisterhood."
2003 Anna Smedema arrested Volkel, Netherlands for hammering US satellite dishes used for Iraq War.