Elizabeth Gaskell (née Stevenson) born Chelsea, London, England September 29, 1810 (d. 1865). British novelist who opposed US Civil War.
"Conquering the South won't turn them into friends. . . Compelling them implies the means of compulsion. You will have to hold them in subjection by force, i.e by military occupation. . . Shall you not have henceforward to keep a standing army?" (June 10, 1861, in Letters, p. 265; 1851 portrait by George Richmond, Wikipedia)