January 10

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1480 Margaret of Austria born Brussels, Belgium (d. 1530). Regent of the Netherlands; poet and patron of arts and architecture; negotiated the Treaty of Cambrai, called the "Peace of the Ladies," with Louise of Savoy, 1529.

  • 1932 Helga Tempel born Hamburg, Germany. Quaker pacifist; counselor on conscientious objection. Co-founded Action Group for Nonviolence, 1956; co-founded World Peace Brigade Beirut, 1962. Awarded Olaf Palne Peace Prize, 1988.

  • 1884 Mathilde Vaerting born Messingen, Lower Saxony, Germany (d. 1977). Professor of education; psychologist; authority on gender differences. Showed that dominance by either sex could cause war; fired and banned by Nazis, 1933.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • 1915 Jane Addams and Carrie Chapman Catt founded Woman's Peace Party at the Willard Hotel, Washington, DC.

  • 1917 Alice Paul organized the first White House vigil and the first women's pickets in history, which continued for 2 1/2 years.

  • 1946 Eleanor Roosevelt appointed as US delegate to the first UN General Assembly.

  • 1996 Kathy Shields Boylan sentenced to four months jail for pouring blood on atom bomber "Enola Gay."

  • 2015 Korean-American singer and author Shin Eun-mi deported from South Korea for making favorable remarks about North Korea.