January 8

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1867 Emily Greene Balch born Jamaica Plain, MA (d. 1961). "Improper Bostonian" awarded Nobel Peace Prize, 1946; founding member of WILPF; as economist, proposed the idea of international mandates for colonies.

  • 1849 Ida Whipple Benham born Quakertown, CT (d. 1903). Quaker; peace poet; director of American Peace Society, 1897.

  • 1859 Fanny Bullock Workman born Worcester, MA (d. 1925). Mountaineer; geographer; cartographer; linguist. Cycled around the world carrying sign "Votes for Women."

  • 1888 Millicent Baxter born Christchurch, New Zealand (d. 1984). Anti-militarist. Converted to pacifism upon learning of persecution of World War I conscientious objector, whom she later married, 1918. Member War Resister’s League.

  • 1899 Srinivasa Ambujammal born Chennai, India. Gandhian organizer; president of Women's Swadeshi League; organizer for Women's Voluntary Corps; jailed 6 months in Vellore for civil disobedience, 1932.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • 1870 Suffragist Lucy Stone's newspaper The Woman's Journal published its first issue.
  • 1988 Pele Women began 6 months jail sentence for nuclear test demonstration.