July 12

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1880 Emily Gregory Hickman born Buffalo, NY (d. 1947). History professor; peace advocate; delegate to Universal Peace Conference, Brussels 1936; member of Shotwell Commission planning for UN; State Dept. expert at creation of UN 1945.

  • 1932 Maria Pearson born Springfield, ND (d. 2003). AKA Hai-Mecha Eunka "Running Moccasins"; Yankton Sioux militant peacemaker; "founding mother of native American repatriation"; Nobel prize nominee.

  • 1933 Ingrid Eide born Oslo. Norwegian sociologist, co-founder of International Peace Research Institute; UN official 1987-93; member of parliament; founded No to Nuclear Weapons.

  • 1934 Rita Hauser born New York, NY. Human rights activist, international lawyer; US delegate to UN General Assembly 1969, UN Human Rights Commission 1969-72; President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board 2001-2004. Chair International Peace Academy, 1993; promoted reconciliation of Israel and Palestinians, helping to get Arafat to renounce violence and recognize Israel 1988; broke with Republicans by opposing Iraq War.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • 1882 Priscilla Peckover founded the Women’s Peace and Arbitration Association.

  • 1957 Dorothy Day arrested for ignoring atomic air raid alert, 30 days in jail. "To voice opposition to war. . . [and] as public penance for the atomic bombing of Japan."

  • 1965 10 American women from Women Strike for Peace arrived in Jakarta to meet Vietnamese women for 5-day conference.

  • 1995 Rosalyn Higgins appointed first woman on World Court.

  • 2006 Code Pink and Women for Peace marched on Capitol to protest Guantánamo.

  • 2010 Three hundred Kyrgyz women blockaded Suzak in protest against searches.

  • 2013 Malala Yousafzai spoke to inaugural Youth Takeover of the UN. “We call upon our sisters around the world to be brave—to embrace the strength within themselves and realise their full potential.”

  • 2015 Three Quaker Grannies arrested for blocking road with tea table at US-Australia war games, Rockhampton, Queensland; fined $500.