July 15

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1858 Emmeline Pankhurst born Manchester (d. 1928). Militant suffrage leader whose direct action inspired Gandhi; mother of three suffragist women leaders.

  • 1909 Durgabai Deshmukh born Rajahmundry, Andra Pradesh, India (d. 1981). Lawyer; postwar legislator; social reformer, Gandhian freedom fighter; nonviolent organizer from age 14; known as "[the] Mother of Social Service." While training nonviolent resisters, called "lioness" and "dictator of Madras." Arrested three times, sentenced to 9 months for participation in Salt Satyagraha, 1930; 3 years sentence, 1932; again, 1942.

  • 1930 Isobel Finnerty born Timmins, Ontario. Canadian Senator 1999-2005, served on Foreign Affairs and Human Rights committees; activist and international peace trainer in Benin political participation 1994.

  • 1946 Linda Ronstadt born Tucson, AZ. Antiwar Rock Singer, opposed Vietnam War and Iraq War; sang at rally against nuclear weapons Central Park 1982.

  • 1948 Rebiya Kadeer born Altai, Xinjiang, China. "Stormer of the Sky" Uighur human rights leader; won Rafto Prize for human rights 2004; Nobel Prize nominee.

  • 1950 Arianna Huffington born Athens, Greece. Author and columnist opposed US intervention in Balkans, Iraq War and expansion of Afghan War.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • 1902 First world congress against White Slave Traffic met Paris.

  • 1985 Nairobi Conference on Women opened, through 26th.

  • 1991 First Serbian peace group the Centre for Anti-War Action (CAWA) formed by Vesna Peŝić.

  • 2004 In Manipur, local women marched nude, carrying a banner which read "Indian Army Rape Us" to protest federal soldiers' suspected rape and murder of Thangjam Manorama.

  • 2009 Human rights reporter Natalia Estrimova murdered in Chechnya.