June 15

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1844 Charlotte Despard born Ripple, Kent, England (d. 1939). English pacifist and feminist; theosophist. Friend of Gandhi; practitioner of nonviolence. Arrested for suffrage activities, 1906-07.

  • 1913 Hania Ris born Lodz, Poland (d. 1998). Pediatrics professor, University of Wisconsin; crusader for birth control. Pacifist member of Physicians for Social Responsibility.

  • 1939 Carmen Argibay born Buenos Aires, Argentina. Argentine justice; first woman on Supreme Court, 2005. Served on International tribunals on Japanese sexual crimes, 2000; Yugoslav war crimes, 2001-05.

  • 1946 Maria Teresa Fernandez de la Vega born Valencia, Spain. Doctor of law; first woman vice-president of Spain, 2004. Led Socialist government to withdraw from Iraq, 2004; announced plan for Palestinian peace, 2006. Set up courts for violence against women, 2004.

  • 1953 Elizabeth Gwaunza born Zimbabwe. Judge of International Criminal Court (ICTY). Sentenced Croatian Gen. Ante Gotovina to 24 years in prison.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • 1917 Emma Goldman arrested for draft resistance New York City. "We oppose conscription because we are internationalists, anti-militarists. . . "

  • 1955 First Civil Defense Alert, New York City. Dorothy Day and Orlie Pell arrested for refusing to go to bomb shelter.

  • 1993 Global Campaign for Women's Human Rights peaked at UN Human Rights Conference Vienna.