March 2

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1897 Shidzue Kato born Tokyo, Japan (d. 2001). Leading Japanese feminist and birth control advocate. Imprisoned 1937; socialist member of Japanese Diet, 1946-74; worked for Japanese apology for WWII.

  • 1930 Pat Arrowsmith born Leamington Spa, England. British author and poet. Peace activist with Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament; jailed 11 times, 1958-85. Organized first Aldermaston March, 1958; ran as peace candidate for Parliament, 1970, 1979.

  • 1939 Desiree Bernard born Georgetown, Guyana. International lawyer. First female judge of Supreme Court of Guyana, 1980; first female Chief Justice of Guyana, 1996; appointed to Caribbean Court of Justice, 2005.

  • 1945 Thoraya Obaid born Baghdad, Iraq. Saudi Arabian Director of UN Population Fund, 2001-10. Began first women’s development program in Western Asia, 1975.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • 1914 Hull House founder Ellen Gates Starr arrested in Chicago for protecting striking waitress.

  • 1945 Anne Frank died of typhus in Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, at age 15.

  • 1955 First Bus Boycott took place in Montgomery, Alabama; Claudette Colvin arrested for protest.

  • 1989 Betsy Corner and Randy Kehler received IRS notice of seizure of their Colrain, MA house for tax refusal.

  • 1998 Louise Fréchette of Canada appointed first UN Deputy Secretary General.

  • 2012 In San José del Golfo, Guatemala, Estela Reyes parked her car along the road, blocking machinery from entering a new mining site and creating the La Puya roadblock, which would remain for two years.