November 11

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1879 Violet McNaughton born Borden, Kent, England (d. 1968). Canadian journalist; WILPF leader; farm women organizer.

  • 1885 Anasuya Sarabhai. Feminist; Gandhian labor organizer. Founded Textile Labour Association, 1920.

  • 1896 Shirley Graham Du Bois born Evansville, IN (d. 1977). African-American/Cherokee musician; playwright; biographer; peace activist; Communist; exiled to Ghana, 1961; promoted African unity.

  • 1914 Daisy Bates born Huttig, AR. As head of Arkansas NAACP, leader of Little Rock desegregation, 1957.

  • 1923 Edith Bell born Hamburg, Germany. Holocaust survivor; Raging Granny; WILPF leader illegally shadowed by FBI.

  • 1930 Rose Marie Muraro born Rio de Janiero, Brazil (d. 2014). Leading Brazilian feminist; self-described “Impossible Woman.” Began work with Hélder Câmara’s Catholic Action, 1946; worked with Leonard Boff for 17 years. Developed “nonviolent communication.”

  • 1978 Paula Marcela Moreno Zapata born Bogota, Colombia. Afro-Colombian management engineer. Minister of Culture, 2007-10; founding president of peace-building organization Visible Hands, 2010.

  • 1985 Hanna Poddig born Osterladekop, Jorg, Lower Saxony, Germany. German anti-nuclear protester and “full-time activist.” Blocked uranium shipment Gronau, 2012; refused fine, jailed 110 days.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • 1838 Anne Weston proposed first nonviolent newspaper in Boston, MA.

  • 1909 Authorities at Holloway Prison began force-feeding hunger striking suffragist Alice Paul.

  • 1944 Marthe Dortel-Claudot proposed idea of Pax Christi.

  • 1981 Watchfires for Liberty lit in Washington DC by Congressional Union.

  • 1983 Australian Women for Survival organized peace camp at Pine Gap, Northern Territory.

  • 1984 Helen Woodson arrested in Missouri missile silo protest, resulting in 17-year sentence for civil disobedience.

  • 1984 28 Lebanese women hold a 3-day vigil at UN.

  • 2014 Medea Benjamin and Code Pink ejected from the Concert for Valor at the National Mall for pro-peace demonstration.