Women peacemakers born today
1805 Harriot Kezia Hunt born Boston, MA (d. 1875). First American female doctor; abolitionist; sponsor and speaker at Womens Rights Convention, 1840; suffragist tax refuser for 25 years.
1865 Jessie Jack Hooper born Winneshiek, IA (d. 1935). Suffragist; peace orator; organized Conference on Cause and Cure of War, 1924; presented a million women's petition to disarmament conference, 1932.
1877 Helen Crawfurd born Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1954). Scottish peace leader against World War I; internationalist; Socialist/Communist; organized famine relief in Russia, Germany and Ireland, 1920; arrested four times for suffrage protests, 1912-14, released after hunger strikes; founding conference of WILPF Hague; founded Women's Peace Crusade, 1916; arrested three times for antiwar activity; Commonwealth peace conference participant, 1939.
1883 Te Puea Herangi born Whatiwhatihoe, North Island, New Zealand (d. 1952). Maori pacifist leader. Opposed Maori Wars.
1896 Freda Mary Cook born Alvescott, Oxford (d. 1990). New Zealand's leader against Vietnam War, Apartheid and imperialism; Socialist.
1905 Erika Mann born Munich, Bavaria, Germany (d. 1969). German actress and writer; pacifist organizer and speaker. Won lawsuit against Nazi newspaper for calling her “a flatfooted peace hyena.” Exiled, 1933; opposed drift to war, 1937.
1912 Mary Metlay Kaufman born Atlanta, GA (d. 1995). Nuremberg War Crimes prosecutor; opposed Vietnam War and Cold War; defended civil disobedience protesters.
1936 Mary Travers born Louisville, KY (d. 2009). Antiwar singer; member of Peter, Paul & Mary; marched with Martin Luther King, Jr.; arrested in Apartheid protest with her mother and daughter, 1984. Opposed US war in Central America.
1944 Elizabeth Dowdeswell (née Patton) born Belfast, Northern Ireland. Canadian stateswoman; first woman head UN Environmental Program as Under Secretary 1992-8; professor environmental studies; Lt. Governor Ontario 2014.
1947 Kate Clinton born Buffalo, NY. Comedienne; gay rights leader; antiwar voice.
1957 Jody Dodd. WILPF leader; War Resisters League.
1972 Corin Tucker born Eugene, OR. Antiwar singer-guitarist; formed alternative rock band Sleater-Kinney, 1994; protested Iraq War.
Women's peacemaking on this day
1892 Bertha von Suttner co-founded German Peace Society, Berlin.
1909 Quaker suffragist Alice Paul interrupted Prime Minister Asquith at Guildhall, London, shouting, “What about votes for women?” Jailed one month in London's Holloway Prison; refusing to eat or dress, was force-fed after second day.
1915 Women’s Peace Party asked President Wilson to call meeting of neutrals to end war.
1983 Greenham women filed suit against President Reagan; 102 vigils held at US bases across UK.
2003 “War and Pieces” by musician Mimi Stern Wolfe performed New York protesting wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.
2005 Lana Jacobs fined $500 plus two years probation for digging graves at Missouri University ROTC to protest Iraq War.