October 12

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1859 Diana Agabeg Apcar (née Gayane Aghabekyan) born Rangoon, Burma (d. 1937). One of first women diplomats, appointed Armenian envoy to Japan 1920; secured Japan’s recognition; anti-imperialist writer on Armenian genocide.

  • 1912 Mahala Ashley Dickerson born Montgomery, AL (d. 2007). African-American; Quaker; lawyer; human rights activist in Alabama and Alaska.

  • 1930 Marian Franz born Newton, KS (d. 2006). Mennonite; tax resister; founder of Peace Tax Fund, 1982; Conscience and Peace Tax International, 1994.

  • 1943 Joyce Ladner born Battles, MS. Sociologist; acting President of Howard University; Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee organizer, 1960s; authority on Tanzanian women.

  • 1948 Wendy Jean Chamberlin born Bethesda, MD. US Ambassador to Laos, 1996-99; US Ambassador to Pakistan, 2001-02; acting head of UN High Commission for Refugees, 2005.

  • 1961 Janet Cherry born Cape Town, South Africa. South African white opponent of Apartheid; underground ANC; Secretary-General National Union of South African Students (NUSAS) 1982; joined Black Sash 1984; led End Conscription Campaign “Troops Out” 1985-88; detained without charges each year 1981, 1985-88; house arrest 1989; trainer for Centre for Nonviolent Action and Strategies (CANVAS) Belgrade, professor after liberation.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • 1913 At the border to Volksrust, South African authorities arrested Fatima Mehtab and her mother, Hanifabai, for taking part in Gandhi's satyagraha civil resistance, and jailed them for 3 months.

  • 1914: Premiere of Katrina Trask’s antiwar play “In the Vanguard”.

  • 1915 Edith Cavell executed for hiding British wounded, Brussels. "Patriotism is not enough; I must have no hatred or bitterness for anyone."

  • 1969 Nurse Lt. Susan Schnall dropped antiwar leaflets from plane over Calif. Military base. "End the war now, bring our boys home—bring our boys home alive."

  • 1978 Disarmament advocate Karin Söder named first woman to serve as Foreign Minister of Sweden.

  • 2013 In Ecuador, over 100 women of 7 tribes departed Puyo on the Women’s Mobilization for Life March, to the capital city of Quito to protest oil drilling in the Amazon.

  • 2013 Genny Bove was arrested for posting “Free Bradley Manning” banners on British highways; case later dropped.