October 31

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1874 Mary Swartz Rose born Newark, OH (d. 1941). PhD; pioneering nutritionist; served League of Nations Health Organization, 1935; founded American Institute of Nutrition, 1933.

  • 1907 Jane Evans (d. 2004). Jewish feminist leader; pacifist; founded Jewish Peace Fellowship, 1941; supported conscientious objectors; active consultant for National Peace Conference at UN Charter, San Francisco.

  • 1908 Muriel Duckworth born Austin, Quebec, Canada (d. 2009). Quaker; absolute pacifist; Canadian "Peace Movement's Best Friend"; president of VOW, 1967-72; opposed Vietnam War; awarded Pearson Peace Medal, 1991.

  • 1944 Sally Kirkland born Manhattan, NY. Antiwar actress; marched in Hollywood parade for world peace, 2006.

  • 1952 Helena Cobban born Abingdon, England. British journalist; Quaker pacifist. Expert on Middle East and postwar justice reporter on peace negotiations. Founded Just World Books, 2010.

  • 1955 Susan Smith. Created Center for Nonviolence, Claremont, CA. Anti-war, anti-nuclear activist.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • 1917 Pacifist organization La Voix des Femmes founded.

  • 1955 Picasso created Two Women and Dove.

  • 1983 Halloween protest: Greenham witches use bolt cutters.

  • 1983/84/85/86 Witch Trials by Women Rising in Resistance.

  • 2000 UN Security Council Resolution 1325 requests greater use of women in peacemaking.

  • 2013 In Alexandria, Egypt, following an early morning rally for ousted President Morsi, 21 women (including 7 juveniles) were arrested, beaten, and sentenced to 11-year prison terms for illegal assembly and vandalism.

  • 2014 Women’s rights activist Ye Haiyan arrested for posting nude photo of herself with sign "Elimination of Discrimination Convention. Don’t you know?"