Rosika Schwimmer


Rosika Schwimmer born Budapest September 11, 1877 (d. 1948). Hungarian internationalist and pacifist, feminist and suffragist editor, lecturer; first woman diplomat 1918; founded pacifist Hungarian Feminist Assn. 1904; WILPF founding member 1915; led Women’s Peace Party 1914; cofounder Campaign for World Government 1937; World Peace Prize 1937; nominated for Nobel Prize 1947.


"I am an uncompromising pacifist. . . I have no sense of nationalism, only a cosmic consciousness of belonging to the human family." (cited by prosecution in Supreme Court's denial of US citizenship, US v. Schwimmer, 1929; photo Wikipedia)