September 14

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1857 Alice Stone Blackwell born Orange, NJ (d. 1950). Suffragist journalist; second generation woman peacemaker, daughter of pacifist Lucy Stone; Socialist social reformer; active in American Peace Society, League of Women Voters, and NAACP; promoted human rights of Armenians; translated works of minorities.

  • 1883 Margaret Sanger born Corning, NY (d. 1966). Nurse; birth control pioneer who organized international population conferences NY 1925, Geneva 1927, Zurich 1930; first President of International Planned Parenthood 1953.

  • 1921 Constance Baker Motley born New Haven, CT (d. 2005). First black woman federal judge 1966; civil rights lawyer who represented Martin Luther King Jr., NAACP and Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee; key lawyer in Brown vs. Board of Ed.

  • 1935 Kate Millett born St. Paul, MN. Feminist author who led United Women's Contingent in March against Vietnam War 1971; influential book of second wave of feminism Sexual Politics 1970 called for social revolution without violence or counter-revolution; arrested and deported from Iran 1979.

  • 1941 Joan Trumpauer Mulholland born Washington DC. Freedom Rider student arrested 1961 Jackson MS and imprisoned two months in notorious Parchman Prison; Freedom Summer organizer 1964.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • 1510 Death of St. Catherine of Genoa.

  • 1906 First Satyagraha campaign arrest, Gandhian woman Punia, Volksrust, Transvaal.

  • 1983 First nonviolent protest against Pinochet, Santiago by Elena Bergen and others.

  • 2001 Rep. Barbara Lee alone opposed Iraq War. "I am convinced that military action will not prevent further acts of international terrorism against the United States."