September 16

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1902 Mildred Harnack born Milwaukee, WI. Professor of English in Germany; translator and literary historian; member of resistance "Red Orchestra"; guillotined by Hitler 1943 Berlin for resistance.

  • 1921 Ursula Franklin born Munich. Canadian scientist; physics professor and philosopher of science; Quaker pacifist; eighteen months in a Nazi work camp World War II; leader of antiwar CanadianVOW; opposed NATO and Vietnam War; promoted conscientious objection; Pearson Peace Medal.

  • 1927 Sadako Ogata born Tokyo. Diplomat and Professor of International Relations; UN High Commissioner for Refugees 1992-2001; Japan's International Cooperation Agency 2003-12; Asian Nobel prize Magsaysay Award for peace and international understanding 1997; Indira Gandhi Peace Prize 2001.

  • 1928 Patricia M. Wald born Torrington, CT. American Judge of International Court for Yugoslavia 2002; opposed execution of Rosenbergs; only woman on 2004 commission to assess intelligence leading to Iraq War.

  • 1931 Rita Lasar (née Rabecca Zelmanowitz) born Cleveland, OH (d. 2017). As sister of 9/11 victim, co-founded September 11th Families for Peaceful Tomorrows, opposing violent response to 9/11, 2002. Opposed Iraq War, Guantanamo, and the bombing of Afghanistan.

  • 1943 Bärbel Wartenberg-Potter born Pirmasens, Palatinate, Germany. Lutheran bishop of Lübeck. Called on US to "renounce counter-violence" against Islam; opposed wars in Iraq and Afghanistan; signed appeal "Another War in Europe? Not in our name!", 2014.

  • 1951 Lucy Asuagbor born Mamfé, Cameroon. Judge of International Court for Yugoslavia 2001; Cameroon chief justice; African Commission on Human rights.

  • 1958 Maura O'Connell born Ennis, County Clare. Irish singer at Music for Peace concert Nashville Peace & Justice Center 2003.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • 303 St. Euphemia martyred for refusal to worship Ares god of war at Chalcedon.

  • 929 St. Ludmilla, Dutchess of Bohemia martyred for influence as teacher of grandson St. Wenceslas.

  • 1913 Kasturba Gandhi arrested for nonviolent protest, jailed until December 22.

  • 1979 Women’s Die-In Cologne against nuclear power and militarism.

  • 2007 Actress Sally Field accepted Emmy Award with antiwar speech "If the mothers ruled the world, there would be no goddamn wars in the first place."

  • 2014 Col. Ann Wright evicted from House Armed Services hearing for participation in Code Pink protest, chanting "No More War!"