Women peacemakers born today
1832 Ann Maria Reeves Jarvis born Culpepper, VA (d. 1905). "The Mother of Mothers Day" founded Mothers' Friendship Day for peace and reconciliation after Civil War 1865 Pruntytown, WV; this became inspiration for her daughter Anna Jarvis who made Mothers Day official 1914.
1875 Anne Henrietta Martin born Empire City, NV (d. 1951). Suffragist historian; author and journalist under the pseudonym Anne O'Hara. Jailed for suffrage protests London 1910, White House 1917; sentenced to Occoquan Prison; opposed both World Wars; Women's Peace Party 1915; first chair of National Woman's Party 1917; leader of WILPF Peoples Mandate against War; first woman to run for US Senate 1918.
1883 Nora Stanton Blatch Barney born Basingstoke, Hampshire, England (d. 1971). First American woman civil engineer; radio electronics pioneer and architect; third generation suffragist peacemaker: granddaughter of Seneca Falls pioneer Elizabeth Cady Stanton, daughter of Harriet Stanton Blatch; author of World Peace Through a Peoples Parliament, 1944; opposed Korean War.
1929 Dorothee Solle born Cologne, Germany (d. 2003). German liberation theologian; pacifist led protests against Apartheid, war in Central America and nuclear weapons; book The Arms Race Kills Even Without War, 1983; feminist.
1929 Leticia Ramos-Shahani born Lingayan, Philippines. Diplomat, Secretary-General of UN Womens Conference Nairobi 1985; UN Assistant Secretary-General for Social & Humanitarian Affairs 1981-86; career diplomat Ambassador to Australia 1981-86; headed white paper on South China Sea 2012 recommending regional peace and stability; educator: Dean and professor of comparative literature.
1949 Flora Brovina born Skënderaj, Kosovo. Kosovar Albanian poet and pediatrician; tortured during 19 months Serbian prison; Millennium Women's Peace Prize 2001.
1963 Maite Nkoana-Mashabane born Makgobaskloof, Limpopo, South Africa. Anti-Apartheid leader; diplomat: Minister of International Relations 2009, High Commissioner to India 1999, Malaysia 1995; Chaired UN Climate conference Durban 2011.
Women's peacemaking on this day
1921 Signing of the League of Nations Treaty on Traffic in Women and Children, Geneva.
1937 League of Nations created first international women’s body Committee on Legal Status of Women.
1968 Canadian woman Claire Culhane began 10-day fast against Vietnam War.
1991 Peg Miller sentenced to 3 years for anti-nuclear conspiracy in Arizona.
1996 Four women tried and convicted for "Weep for Children" protest against launch of 18th nuclear sub "Louisiana" at Groton CT.
2009 "Women, Peace and Security" resolution 1888 of UN Security Council on sexual violence in war.