Concepción Arenal


Concepción Arenal Ponte born Ferrol, Galicia, Spain January 31, 1820 (d. 1893). Pioneering Spanish feminist; opponent of all wars; first woman university graduate; poet; prison reformer.


It is certain that war is an infraction of God’s Law, a mockery of His commandments, an attack against all laws, an abandonment of all duties: it honors what is monstrous, it sponsors what is vile, and there is no impiety which it does not sanction nor perversity which it does not justify.” (Cuadros de la Guerra, 1883, in D.J. Walker, Spanish Women, p. 16; photo buscabiografios)