Angela Acuña Braun

Overview

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Ángela Acuña de Chacón Braun born Cartago, Costa Rica October 2, 1888 (d. 1983). Human rights lawyer; first female attorney in Central America. Feminist, suffragist. Founded Costa Rican WILPF. Led national People's Mandate to End War, 1938. Ambassador to Organization of American States. First woman on Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, 1960-72. (photo Swarthmore College)

Katharine Anthony

Overview

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Katharine Anthony born Roseville, AK November 27, 1877 (d. 1965). Feminist, pacifist biographer of women peacemakers Susan B. Anthony and Louisa May Alcott. Member of Women’s Peace Party; critic of “Sister Susies,” pacifist women who knitted socks for soldiers.

Quotations

On “Sister Susies”: “[It is] a peculiarly infantile form of patriotism.” (Harriet Alonso, Peace as a Woman’s Issue, p. 80; photo Wikipedia)

Lucy Aikin

Overview

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Lucy Aikin (pseudo. Mary Godolphin) born Warrington, Cheshire, England November 6, 1781 (d. 1864). “Friend of Peace.” English history writer.

Quotations

[W]ar, that thousand-headed monster of wrong. . . Once allow war not to be utterly unlawful,and we may listen to considerations of state expediency, utility. ‘Necessity, the tyrant’s plea,’ comes in.” (to W. E. Channing, June 19, 1839, in Correspondence, pp. 347-48; photo musing with clio)

Helen Elsie Austin

Overview

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Helen Elsie Austin born Tuskegee, AL May 10, 1906 (d. 2004). African-American lawyer, diplomat, and Bahá’i leader. Teacher, Morocco, 1953. Cultural Affairs Officer to Nigeria, Liberia, Togo, Kenya, 1961-68. Chaired Bahá'í delegation at International Women's Conference, Mexico City, 1975; lectured on world peace.

Quotations

The achievement of effective understanding and cooperation among the diverse nations, races, and classes of mankind is the chief essential for the survival of civilization.” (“World Unity as a Way of Life”, The Bahá'í World, vol. 11; photo wikipedia)

Dore Ashton

Overview

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Dore Ashton born Newark, NJ May 21, 1928 (d. 2017). Antiwar art professor and critic. Issued public call to artists and writers to “express and stand for your anger against the war,” NO!art, 1966. (McCarthy, American Artists Against War, p. 79)

Quotations

What could the lessons of a concentration camp have meant, really, when atrocities in the Korean War went on and on. And on and on to Vietnam. And haven't stopped yet. And become more common and more easily accepted every day. . . The postwar period was adding up quickly in the 1950s to a perpetual war. . . Just perpetual carnage.” (“Merde Alors!”, 1969, NO!art; portrait by Alice Neel)

Diane Abbott

Overview

Diane Abbott born London, England September 27, 1953. First black woman Member of British Parliament, 1987; Labor Shadow Minister of International Development. Voted against wars in Iraq and Afghanistan; led opposition to bombing of Syria, 2015. Opposed nuclear weapons; supported Palestinian rights.

Quotations

[M]ake Labour a voice for peace and international law after the disastrous wars of the Blair years.” (Stop the War Coalition, Aug. 7, 2015; photo dianeabbott.org)

Edith Abbott

Overview

Edith Abbott born Grand Island, NE September 26, 1876 (d. 1957). PhD economist, daughter of Quaker; lifelong pacifist; Dean of Social Service, U. of Chicago; founded Immigrants' Protective League 1909; co-founded Women's Peace Party 1915; opposed World War II.

Quotations

On opposition to World War II: "It was Nebraska isolationism in part, but it was also Quaker pacifism. We had quite an argument." (Lela Costin, Two Sisters, p. 237, 1983; photo Wikipedia)

Grace Abbott

Overview

Grace Abbott born Grand Island NB, Canada November 17, 1878 (d. 1939). Quaker; pacifist; internationalist; founder of WILPF; first US delegate to League of Nations, 1923; US representative to ILO, 1935, 1937; decade-long associate of Addams's Hull House, 1908; organized Women's Peace Party Conference of Oppressed for Dependent Nationalities Washington DC, 1916.

Quotations

"To have had a part in the struggle—to have done what one could—is in itself the reward of effort and the comfort in defeat." (bio in Social Welfare History Project; photo 1929 Lib. Cong pd)

Anna Abdallah

Overview

Anna Abdallah Msekwa born Southern Tanzania July 26, 1940. Nurse; held four major cabinet posts: Minister of Health, Agriculture and Community Development, Public Works, Local Government. Initiated Creators of Peace for a just, peaceful and sustainable world.

Quotations

"We must create the positive element called 'peace,' which is not just the absence of weapons. And that means beginning with ourselves. Women are the missing link. We see things differently from men." (http://bit.ly/1gBi4GG; photo guide2womenleaders.com/Governors)

Dekha Ibrahim Abdi

Overview

Dekha Ibrahim Abdi born Wajir, Kenya November 17, 1964 (d. 2011). Kenyan peacemaker. Received Right Livelihood Award for inter-faith dialogs, 2007; Hessian Peace Prize of Peace Research Institute, 2009.

Quotations

A peace process is not about the mathematics of numbers and percentages in relation to who is in majority or minority. It is about plurality, diversity, participation and ownership of all affected by the conflict and who live in the context hence nothing less than full participation and ownership.” (Right Livelihood Award acceptance speech, Dec. 7, 2007; photo hiiraan.com)

Sajida Abdulvahabova

Overview

Sajida Abdulvahabova born Azerbaijan June 2, 1947. Professor promoting peace journalism, Baku University.

Quotations

Historically, the humanity has been silent about the role of women in war, almost as silent as the women excluded from peace negotiations. Images that are negative for the individual and for society in general. . . [One of the] two main principles of peace journalism. . . is that all parties in a conflict must be heard. It is possible to put a gender perspective on conflict reporting to see its gender roles patterns. It is a fact that many civil society peace initiatives are taken by women. But women's peace efforts and peace proposals are seldom seen in the media.” (quote & photo Peace Portal [http://old.kvinnatillkvinna.se/en/article/3225])

Kusala Abhayavardhana

Overview

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Kusala Abhayavardhana born Ceylon November 1, 1920. Sri Lankan member of parliament 1970-7; WILPF national chair; co-founded Civil Service International in Sri Lanka; founding secretary International Women’s Year Sri Lanka.

Quotations

[T]his year is not only for women's liberation but for the liberation of the whole of our society from the shackles that keep us imprisoned in our poverty and unemployment.” (Kay Camp “Listen to Women for a Change; photo lankareporter.co)

Rae Abileah

Overview

Rae Abileah born Freeport, NY November 3, 1982. National Coordinator, Code Pink. Attempted citizen’s arrest of Karl Rove for war crimes, 2008. Organized Gaza Freedom March, 2009. Led Stolen Beauty boycott campaign against Ahava cosmetics. Beaten and arrested after interrupting Israeli PM Netanyahu's speech to Congress, 2011.

Quotations

I am in great pain, but this is nothing compared to the pain and suffering that Palestinians go through on a regular basis.” (Mondoweiss, May 26, 2011; photo democratic-republicans.us)

Hafsat Abiola

Overview

Hafsat Abiola-Costello born Ikeja, Lagos, Nigeria August 21, 1974. Nigerian human rights activist; founded Kudirat Initiative for Democracy (KIND) 1999 for her assassinated mother, to promote African democracy; treasurer Women’s Learning Partnership for Peace; founded China Africa Bridge 2008; Cambridge Peace Commission Youth Peace award 1997; Goi Peace Award 2016.

Quotations

Take your light and take your love into the world as the only weapons that we need to make this world truly glorious, truly beautiful, and astonish all of life.” (Nov. 9, 2001, Nuclear Age Peace Foundation; photo Wikipedia)

Maha Abu-Dayyeh

Overview

Maha Abu-Dayyeh Shamas born Palestine August 24, 1951 (d. 2015). Palestinian human rights leader; feminist. Co-founder and Director, Women’s Centre for Legal Aid and Counseling, E. Jerusalem, 1991-2015. Received French Republic Human Rights Award, 1998; named Ms. Woman of the Year, 2002. Protested Israeli violence against women.

Quotations

Peace is made between peoples and not between leaders. A process that should lead to a political solution that is sustainable and consequently permanent. . . should not be left to the confines of the generals, and should be transparent to the relevant societies. We have to address and understand each other’s history with an open mind. If we leave it only to men, we get Israeli generals and Palestinians who will not be defeated and there is no room to negotiate.” (No Women No Peace, 1000peacewomen; photo inclusivesecurity.org)