November 6

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1813 Mary di Rosa born Brescia, Italy (d. 1855). Nurse during Austrian war, 1848; stopped soldiers with nonviolence, 1854.

  • 1879 Fanny Bixby Spencer born Long Beach, CA (d. 1930). Pacifist; poet, essayist, and playwright; wealthy socialite Socialist; blacklisted for opposing WWI.

  • 1921 Yvonne Hostert Useldinger born Steinfort, Luxembourg (d. 2009). Communist resister to Nazis; Ravensbrück survivor; leader of Luxembourg women.

  • 1935 Frances Alexander. English nurse and midwife; founded 5W (Women Welcome Women World Wide), 1984.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • 1928 Pacifist Ruth Bryan Owen elected to Congress; promoted international cooperation as member of Foreign Affairs Committee.

  • 1976 Peace People mounted 21 rallies for peace in Northern Ireland.

  • 1990 Saudi women drove main streets of Riyadh in protest, resulting in loss of government jobs and foreign travel.

  • 2000 Irom Chanu Sharmila first arrested for attempted suicide in fast unto death against army massacre.

  • 2011 Leila Soueif began fast for arrest of her son Alaa Seif for human rights protests.

  • 2014 On the 20th anniversary of adoption of Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action, Beijing+20 Regional Review Meeting held in Geneva.