November 5

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1844 Eugenie Potonie-Pierre born L'Orient, Brittany (d. 1898). French feminist; radical pacifist; socialist. Journalist and editor. Claimed credit for coining the term “feminism”, 1896.

  • 1850 Emma Wheeler Wilcox born Johnstown, WI (d. 1919). American peace poet.

  • 1877 Cecilia Annie John born Hobart, Tasmania (d. 1953). Australian singer; founded Women's Peace Army, 1915.

  • 1926 Victoria Gray Adams born Hattiesburg, MS (d. 2006). Field Secretary for Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, 1962; leader in King's SCLC; Freedom Summer organizer; Mississippi Freedom Dem. Party with Fannie Lou Hamer, 1964.

  • 1940 Luisa Morgantini born Villadossola, Piedmont, Italy. Leader of Italian peace movement; trade union leader. Co-founded Italian Women in Black. Member of European United Left/Nordic Green Left in European Parliament, 1999-2009; Vice-President of European Parliament, 2007-09.

  • 1952 Vandana Shiva born Dheradun, India. Nuclear physicist; nonviolent environmental advocate; Gandhian; ecofeminist; opposed Iraq War; awarded Alternate Nobel Prize, 1993; awarded Sydney Peace Prize, 2010.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • 1917 Alice Paul and Rose Winslow began 22-day hunger strike at Occoquan Prison.

  • 1961 Pram-pushing mothers led CND march to USSR embassy, London.

  • 1975 50 homeless women and children occupied Palm Court Hotel, Richmond.

  • 2003: Women from war zones and post-conflict zones appealed to US Congress to end universal war on women and children.