Women peacemakers born today
1867 Jessie Aitken (née Fraser) born Ecclesmachan, Linlithgow, Scotland (d. 1934), New Zealand peace activist, socialist, feminist; led Woman’s Anti-Conscription delegation to Prime Minister.
1910 Zilphia Horton born Spadra, AR (d. 1956). Singer and composer of protest anthem “We Shall Overcome”. Labor organizer; music director of Highlander Folk School, which trained many civil rights leaders.
1932 Klaryta Antoszewska born Poniewierz, Lithuania (d. 2014). Holocaust survivor; humanitarian; philologist; peacemaker and protester against nuclear weapons; rescuer of refugees. Catholic sister of St. Francis.
1933 Lucy R. Lippard born Bronx, NY. Antiwar art historian; feminist.
1935 Monique Chemillier-Gendreau born Antananarivo, Madagascar. French jurist, professor of international law; numerous cases at World Court; sponsor of Russell Tribunal on Palestine; critical of US violation of international law in Vietnam agent orange, Iraq, Kosovo, Guantanamo.
1936 Astrid N. Heiberg born Oslo, Norway. Professor of psychiatry; first woman president of International Red Cross, 1997-2001. Peacemaker in Tamil-Sri Lanka war, 2003.
1944 Carolyn Tanner Irish born Salt Lake City, UT. Episcopal Bishop of Utah, 1996; anti-Iraq War epistle, 2002.
1949 Anuradha Koirala born Rumjata, Okhaldhunga, Nepal. Founded Maiti (Mother's home) to rescue girls from sex slavery.
1968 Gayle Brandeis born Chicago, IL. Author and poet. Founding member of Code Pink, 2002, and Women Creating Peace, 2003.
Women's peacemaking on this day
1910 Alice Paul endorsed militant suffrage tactics like British women’s action, which she described as, “war of men and women working together against the politicians.”
1915 National Conference of Women met at London's Central Hall to discuss basis of permanent peace.
1931 WILPF Economic Conference, Paris responded to Great Depression with call for European Customs Union.
1982 Greenham Women tried at Newbury: "How dare the government presume the right to kill others in our names?"
2004 Vicky Monk of Sammamish, WA led soldiers' mothers protest at White House.
2008 Spanish Cabinet has female majority.
2011 Diane Wilson protested oil spill at BP meeting London.
2011 37 Nepali women leaders arrested in protest calling for establishment of new government and new constitution.