Women peacemakers born today
1866 Sophonisba Preston Breckinridge born Lexington, KY (d. 1948). Lawyer and social worker; Hull House associate of Jane Addams; WILPF founding member. U.S. delegate of Pan American Conference, 1933; first woman PhD in political science.
1877 Aurelia Henry Reinhardt born San Francisco, CA (d. 1948). Pacifist; orator. President of Mills College, 1916-43. American Association of University Women (AAUW) representative to United Nations conference, San Francisco, 1945.
1896 Juliette Derricotte born Athens, GA (d. 1931). African-American internationalist educator; Dean of Women, Fisk University. Traveled the globe as representative of the World Student Christian Federation to promote peace and justice.
1940 Wangari Muta Maathai born Nyeri, Kenya (d. 2011). Nobel Peace Prize laureate, 2004; founded Green Belt movement of women planting trees 1977; her Peace Trees campaign promoted community conflict resolution.
1962 Jenni Williams born Gwanda, Matabeteland, Zimbabwe. Co-founded nonviolent organization Women of Zimbabwe Arise (WOZA). Arrested over 40 times; imprisoned for protest against denial of food aid, Bulawayo, 2008. Awarded Ginetta Sagan Prize, 2012.
Women's peacemaking on this day
1833 In Canterbury, CT, Prudence Crandall opened her school for 20 girls of color.
1974 May Picqueray put out first issue of pacifist magazine Le Réfractaire.
1983 Good Friday Picnic at Greenham Common. 190 women crossed the fence into the missile base; 70,000 formed a human chain of 60 miles to link Greenham, Aldermaston and Burghfield ordinance depot.
2003 On behalf of the Women in Peacebuilding Network (WIPNET), Leymah Gbowee issued a peace appeal via radio broadcast, sparking the Liberian Mass Action for Peace, bringing about the end of the Second Liberian Civil War.
2006 Sylvia Boyes and Helen John arrested at Menwith Hill protest.