Julia Ward Howe born Manhattan, NY May 27, 1819 (d. 1910). After writing "Battle Hymn of the Republic" 1862 she became pacifist leader, founding Women's International Peace Association 1871, and first Mothers' Peace Day 1873.
"Disarm, disarm. The sword of murder is not the balance of justice. Blood does not wipe out dishonor, nor violence indicate possession." (Mothers Day proclamation, 1870; photo janebernhardt.com)