April 9

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1860 Emily Hobhouse born St. Ives, Cornwall (d. 1926). Leading opponent of Boer War; exposed British concentration camps in South Africa.

  • 1884 Louise Olivereau born Douglas, WY (d. 1963). Stenographer and poet; pacifist; philosophical anarchist. Charged with espionage and sentenced to 10 years prison for counseling conscientious objectors to World War I; served 28 months, 1917.

  • 1917 Irene Morgan Kirkaldy born Baltimore, MD (d. 2007). First person to defy bus segregation, Gloucester, VA, 1944; jailed and fined, but vindicated by US Supreme Court in Morgan v. Virginia 1946. Awarded Presidential Citizens Medal, 2001.

  • 1941 Kredelle Petway born Camden, AL. Freedom Rider math student arrested at Jackson, Mississippi airport, 1961, jailed three days.

  • 1967 Vaiba Kebeh Flomo born Margibi County, Liberia. Liberian peacemaker. Co-founded Christian Women Peace Initiative (CWPI), 2002. Organized large-scale nonviolent protests with Liberian Women Mass Action for Peace, 2003. Advised NGO Reconcile on peacebuilding, South Sudan, 2009.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • 688 Death of St. Waltrude, Belgian altruist.

  • 1609 Louise de Coligny helped secure the Treaty of Antwerp, forging a truce in Dutch War of Independence.

  • 1993 Kathy Boylan arrested Newport News for Good Friday Ploughshares protest against nuclear submarine USS Tucson.

  • 1995 Dorothy Brownold sentenced 3 years for Nuremberg protest at Concord, CA base.