August 1

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1846 Clara Bewick Colby born Gloucester, England (d. 1916). American publisher, first official war correspondent, lecturer, and peace advocate. Founding editor of suffragist journal Women’s Tribune, 1883. Delegate to International Peace Conferences, London, 1899; The Hague, 1913. Spoke on peace at Panama-Pacific Exposition, San Francisco, 1915. Correspondent for International Peace Union. Vice-President, League of World Peace, 1915.

  • 1881 Rose Macaulay born Rugby, England (d. 1958). Popular British author of war novels Non-Combatants and Others (1916), What Not: A Prophetic Comedy (1918), Mystery at Geneva (1922). Internationalist who promoted League of Nations; sponsored Peace Pledge Union; pacifist pamphleteer.

  • 1899 Kamala Nehru born Delhi, India (d. 1936). Indian nonviolent freedom fighter; member of Gandhi's ashram. Arrested for leading nonviolent protests. Led women's picketing, Allahabad, 1921; twice jailed. Sister-in-law of nonviolence leader Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit.

  • 1953 María Esperanza Ortega born Arcatao, El Salvador. Member, Association of War Victims of El Salvador. Founding member of Coordinadora de Comunidades y Repoblaciones (“Coordination for Communities and Repopulation”), 1988. Nobel Peace Prize nominee, 2005.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • 1922 Professor Kristine Bonnevie was the only woman member at the first session of the Committee on Intellectual Co-operation, Geneva.

  • 1931 Total Disarmament Now Committee (TDNC) established by Women's Peace Union, Geneva; idea of Elinor Byrns.

  • 1981 Longest Peace Vigil: Concepción Picciotto began vigil against nuclear weapons outside White House, continuing until her 2016 death.

  • 1983 Climax of Seneca Campaign. 3000 women committed mass civil disobedience; 242 arrested including Barbara Deming.

  • 1983 40 Women from Puget Sound Peace Camp buried Cruise Missile Kent WA.

  • 1988 Two Nuns hammered Trident missile parts and poured blood in Plowshares protest Quonset, CT.

  • 1995 "Building a Secure and Sustainable World Society" WILPF Conference Helsinki, Finland called for woman UN Secretary General.

  • 1996 The Women in Black held fifth international meeting of The Women United Against War Network, Novi Sad, Vojvodino, Serbia.

  • 1997 Through the efforts of groups including the Naga Mother's Association led by Neidonuo Angami, the Indian government announced the Nagaland Ceasefire.