August 12

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1831 Helena Blavatsky born Yekaterinoslav, Ukraine (d. 1891). Founder of Theosophy, universal brotherhood 1875; profoundly influenced Gandhi.

  • 1833 Lillie Devereux Blake born Raleigh, NC (d. 1913). Pacifist suffragist; author and orator; Civil War correspondent; opposed US imperialism and War with Spain; principal of New York Public School 6.

  • 1859 Katharine Lee Bates born Falmouth, Cape Cod (d. 1929). Poet and songwriter; Wellesley professor; author of "America the Beautiful" and pacifist poem "Fodder for Cannon."

  • 1928 Fatima Meer born Durban, South Africa (d. 2010). Gandhian Muslim anti-apartheid leader and writer; sociology professor. Founded Student Passive Resistance Committee, 1946. Banned by South African government, 1952-56, 1976-86. Survived assassination attempt, 1976; home twice firebombed.

  • 1948 Eve Bazaiba born Democratic Republic of Congo. Congolese Senator. Muslim proponent of nonviolence and conflict resolution. Member of regional peace organization Women as Partners for Peace in Africa (WOPPA), 2000. Nobel Peace Prize nominee, 2005.

  • 1950 Nina Karpachova born Ceadîr-Lunga, Moldova, USSR. Ukrainian human rights lawyer. First national Ombudsman and Commissioner of Human Rights, 1998-2012. Protested arrest of former premier Yulia Tymoshenko.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • Feast Day of Clare of Assisi"Go forth in peace. . . Go forth without Fear."

  • 1914 Peace Parade Committee formed New York City opposing World War I.

  • 1918 30 Suffragists arrested Lafayette Park, DC.

  • 1943 Pacifist “C. O. Girls” demanded a role in Civilian Public Service as alternative to war, Goshen College.

  • 1976 1,000 women demonstrated Andersontown, N. Ireland where three Maguire children were killed. 6,000 people signed peace petition.

  • 1991 Three women arrested Westover Field, Mass. for Nagasaki Remembrance.

  • 1996 Bougainville “Women Speak Out” against civil war, Sydney, Australia.

  • 2005 13th international meeting of Women in Black, Jerusalem. “Women Resisting Occupation and War”

  • 2016 Conclusions of UN on Women and Sustainable Development “Driving the Gender-Sensitive Implementation”.