Women peacemakers born today
1787 Eliza Lee Cabot Follen born Boston, MA (d. 1860). Nonviolent abolitionist leader, poet and childrens' author; opposed Mexican War.
1828 Maria Deraismes born Paris (d. 1894). Leading French feminist and pacifist; founded Human Right, first Masonic lodge practicing equality 1882; co-founded Society for Amelioration of Women's Condition 1870; co-convened first women's rights conference 1878; promoted arbitration.
1885 Edna Ferber born Kalamazoo, MI (d. 1938). Popular author and playwright; opposed World War I.
1893 Dorothy C. Kahn born Seattle, WA (d. 1955). International social worker; Chief of UN Social Welfare promoting human rights and economic welfare 1950-55; began biennial Report on the World Social Situation (RWSS); delegate to international conference on child welfare.
1906 Suzanne Bastid born Rennes, Brittany (d. 1965). International lawyer, first French woman professor of law; on first international (League of Nations) committee on status of women 1937; President World Court 1949-52.
1908 Sita Akka Paulickpulle born Sri Lanka (d. 2003). American nurse and teacher. Peace poet at Washington Peace Center; protested against war at White House.
1915 Julia Henderson born DuQuoin, IL (d. 2013). Lifelong UN employee, 1945-70. Secretary General, International Planned Parenthood Federation, London, 1971-78. Received UN Populations Award, 1991.
1918 Fay Honey Knopp born Bridgeport, CT (d. 1995). Quaker minister and peace activist. Gandhian pacifist; feminist; draft counselor; prison abolitionist; sexual abuse prevention pioneer. Founded Prison Research Education Action Program (PREAP), 1976.
1924 Hedy Epstein born Freiburg, Germany. Holocaust survivor; peace missions to Cambodia and Central America 1989; nonviolent protests against Israeli wall and destruction 2005; March to Free Gaza March 2009; hunger strike Cairo 2009-10.
1930 Selma James born Brooklyn, NY. Socialist reformer. Active in West Indian independence, 1960; first Organizing Secretary for Campaign Against Racial Discrimination, 1965; International Coordinator for grassroots women's network Global Women's Strike, 2000.
1938 Maxine Waters born St. Louis, MO. US Congresswoman for Los Angeles 1990; opposed Iraq War; founder and chair of Out of Iraq Caucus; urged impeachment of president; arrested for nonviolent protests against Apartheid and Haiti.
1945 Khaleda Zia born Dinajpur, East Bengal. First woman prime minister of Bangladesh 1991-6, 2001-6; actively supported UN peacekeeping; under house arrest by opposition 1971.
1949 Janet Museveni born Bwongyera, Uganda. Founded Ugandan Women's Effort to Save Orphans UWESO 1986; First Lady of Uganda 1986; led fight against AIDS; founded Creators of Peace 1991.
Women's peacemaking on this day
1918 First suffrage protesters sentenced to 10-12 days in DC prison workhouse; they began hunger strike, and were released five days later.
1949 Eleventh WILPF conference Copenhagen opposed Cold War alliances NATO.
1963 Thich Nu Dien Quang immolated herself Vietnam, age 27, first of 20 nuns.
1973 Greenpeace activists Mary Lornie and Ann-Marie Horne attacked in Vega by French navy Moruroain protest against nuclear tests.
1978 Mirapuri, City of Peace established by commission of The Mother in Novara, Italy.
1989 Im Su Kyong arrested for crossing Korean DMZ in protest against disunity.
1994 Noellen Heyzer appointed Director of UNIFEM, first woman from south half of the globe.