Maria Deraismes born Paris, France August 15, 1828 (d. 1894). Leading French feminist and pacifist; founded Human Right, first Masonic lodge practicing equality 1882; co-founded Society for Amelioration of Women's Condition 1870; co-convened first women's rights conference 1878; promoted arbitration.
"Elimination of women from universal suffrage necessarily means the prolongation of the warlike spirit."
"Armed peace is no less ruinous and demoralizing than war." (July 1883 petition, in Karen Offen, European Feminisms, pp. 175, 449, 2000; photo parisrevolutionnaire)