Pearl S. Buck born Hillsboro, WV June 26, 1892 (d. 1973). Humanitarian; author; critic of US Cold War militarism. Founded adoption agency for Asian children, 1949. Awarded Nobel Prize in Literature, 1938.
"[T]he test of a civilization is the way that it cares for its helpless members." (My Several Worlds, 1954)
"Unless women realize their responsibility for the kind of world we must have. . . we shall simply go on having these devastating, heart-breaking, ruinous wars." (New York Times, April 8, 1943; photo Nobel Prize)