Judy Beaumont

Overview

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Judith Ann “Judy” Beaumont born Chicago, IL December 10, 1937 (d. 2018). Benedictine nun and math teacher; ordained priest, 2011. Trident Nein protester; served year in prison for damaging nuclear sub U.S.S. Florida, New London, CT, July 4, 1983; arrested at Pentagon for Hiroshima protest, 1981.

Quotations

We long for. . . a good for world with justice for all and compassionate people to prevail. We long for peace and justice to be the order of the day.” (Advent homily, Dec. 6, 2015; photo legacy.com)

Eleanor Barton

Overview

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Eleanor Barton (née Stockton) born Manchester, England July 13, 1872 (d. 1960). British cooperative activist. As head of Women’s Co-operative Guild, 1925-37, introduced the pacifist white poppy, 1933. Active in Peace Pledge Union and Hands Off Russia campaign.

Quotations

It will take great courage to wear white poppies when all your friends and neighbors are wearing red poppies. . . If you can walk in the streets wearing a white poppy when everyone else has a red one, I shall say you are a brave woman.” (Birmingham Gazette, Jun. 22, 1933; photo Wikipedia)

Nicoline Beck-Meyer

Overview

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Nicoline Beck-Meyer born Vendsyssel, Denmark November 27, 1856 (d. ?). Danish author and poet. Spoke on “Universal Peace” at World’s Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893.

Quotations

Peace! What is peace? It is not rest, but growth. Peace is the condition which will be brought on when love is reigning and justice is fulfilled.” (Woman’s War for Peace, Congress of Representative Women, p. 729; photo A Celebration of Women Writers)

Julia Bacha

Overview

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Julia Bacha born Rio de Janeiro, Brazil November 17, 1980. Brazilian filmmaker. “Pay Attention to Nonviolence”, TED Talk, 2011; “How Women Wage Conflict Without Violence”, 2016. Filmography includes Budrus: A Story of Nonviolent Protest, 2009; Naila and the Uprising, 2017.

Quotations

Nonviolence is not glamorous and you don't see the effects right away. But it works.”

The greatest predictor of a movement’s decision to adopt non-violence is its ideology regarding the role of women in public life. . . when a movement includes in its discourse language of gender equality it increases dramatically the chance it will adopt non-violence and the likelihood it will succeed.” (“How Women Wage Conflict Without Violence”, 2:57, 2016; photo justvision.com)

Barbara Briggs-Letson

Overview

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Barbara Briggs-Letson born January 22, 1934. American nurse midwife. Worked in Guatemala and Honduras, 1989. Founded What About Peace? essay contest 2002. Protested drones in Pakistan and at US bases, 2012; opposed School of Americas; supported Women’s Boat to Gaza.

Quotations

"We are not at war with Pakistan and we are within their borders killing people."  (quote & photo, Oct. 23, 2012, Press Democrat)

Eileen Kampakuta Brown

Overview

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Eileen Kampakuta Brown born South Australia January 1, 1938. Aboriginal environmental activist. Formed Cooper Pedy Women’s Council to stop dumping nuclear waste at Woomera, 1995. Awarded Goldman Environmental Prize, 2003.

Quotations

We say NO radioactive waste dump in our ngura in our country. Don’t waste our country. Don’t waste our future.” (Kunga Tjuta, Goldman Prize, 2003; photo Fairfax images)

Zonia Baber

Overview

Zonia Baber (née Mary Arizona) born Kansas, IL August 24, 1862 (d. 1956). Geography professor; feminist; pacifist; anti-racist; anti-imperialist; WILPF member of Balch mission to Haiti 1926 leading to end of US military occupation; promoted Puerto Rican suffrage; mapped world peace monuments.

Quotations

"[A] drift toward imperialism, a movement veiled and therefore more dangerous, dangerous to the liberty of our neighbors, dangerous to our own democracy." (Baber and Balch, Occupied Haiti, p. 149, 1926; 1924 photo Swarthmore Peace Coll. WILPF)

Michelle Bachelet

Overview

Michelle Bachelet born Santiago, Chile September 29, 1951. Headed UN Gender Equality 2010; first woman President of Chile 2006; imprisoned and tortured by Pinochet; as first President of Union of South American Nations (Unasur) 2008 called summit to mediate in Bolivia; pediatrician.

Quotations

"Because I was the victim of hate, I have consecrated my life to converting that hate into understanding, into tolerance, and why not say it, love." (Jan. 15, 2006; photo celebritiesheight.com)

Margaret Ann Backhouse

Overview

Margaret Ann Backhouse born Darlington, Durham, England May 4, 1884 (d. 1977). Quaker head of Friends Service Council who received Nobel Peace Prize for Quaker relief 1947; founded British Campfire Girls 1921; teacher Westhill College, Birmingham.

Quotations

War will not cease until mankind has learnt the positive nature of peace. We speak of the present and the between-the-war period as 'peace-time' but we all know that it would be truer to describe the condition as the period when there is no official warfare. There is not peace in the minds of men and there will not be until we have replaced misunderstanding by sympathy—fear by trust—jealousy and hatred by love.” (Oslo, Dec. 12, 1947)

Gertrud Baer

Overview

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Gertrud Baer born Hamburg, Germany November 25, 1890 (d. 1981). German-American feminist; pacifist; delegate to WILPF conference Hague, 1919; International President WILPF, 1932-7; head of Equal Rights International, Open Door International for Economic Emancipation of the Woman Worker.

Quotations

"Conflicts will never be settled by brute force. Brute force breeds brute force, which means destruction; what Europe needs today is productive work and peaceful reconstruction." ("Germany's Part in World Reconstruction", Annals of Am. Academy, July 1922, p. 146; photo Swarth. Col. Peace Col.)

Zuleikhan Bagalova

Overview

Zuleikhan Bagalova born Kara-Balta, Kazakhstan June 2, 1945. Leading Chechen actress and director. Demonstrated horrors of first Chechen War in Moscow, 1997; joined Russian appeals to world leaders against second war, 2001, 2003. Nobel Peace Prize nominee, 2005.

Quotations

[T]his is a commercial war. We see how the Russians export oil in convoys protected by armoured personnel carriers and helicopters. Maybe Putin wishes to end this conflict but not all of his generals are rich enough yet and not all the 'mercenaries' are generals.” (Institute for War and Peace Reporting, July 6, 2001; photo Wikimedia)

Alice Bailey

Overview

Alice Bailey (née Bateman) born Manchester, England June 16, 1880 (d. 1949). Esoteric teacher, promoter of UN; founder of World Goodwill 1932, "Love in Action."

Quotations

"What are right human relations but love among men, groups and nations? What is international cooperation but love on a world scale?" (Externalisation of the Hierarchy, p. 602, 1957; photo divinetruth.com)

Hannah Johnston Bailey

Overview

Hannah Johnston Bailey born Cornwall-on-the-Hudson, NY July 5, 1839 (d. 1923). Quaker head of Peace & Arbitration Department of Women's Christian Temperance Union 30 years 1887-1916, the most influential American peace organization of the last quarter of nineteenth century; editor of two peace publications, Pacific Banner and The Acorn 1889-1895; opposed all wars and conscription; suffragist, opposed capital punishment; officer of Universal Peace Union promoting nonviolent resolution of disputes, opposing imperialism; joined Women’s Peace Party opposing World War I, and WILPF.

Quotations

"The subject of peace is one of vital importance to women. . . It is her mission to bring life, not death, to this world. It is not consistent with this mission that she should bring sons into the world, and in sorrow and self sacrifice bring them to noble manhood to be slain in battle. The life of one boy (if he were my boy) is of more value than the perpetuation of a government." (1887 Lake Mohonk Conference, in John Craig, "Hannah Johnston Bailey." Quaker History, p. 3, Spring 1995; photo Swarthmore Peace Coll.)

Pearl Bailey

Overview

Pearl Mae Bailey born Newport News, VA March 29, 1918 (d. 1992). African-American singer and actress. Named as America's "Ambassador of Love" by Richard Nixon, 1970; appointed special ambassador to the UN by Gerald Ford, 1975. Promoted campaign against AIDS.

Quotations

“What the world really needs is more love and less paperwork.” (in Weekly World News, Apr. 25, 2005)

Wilhelmina Sherriff Bain

Overview

Wilhelmina Sherriff Bain born Edinburgh, Scotland September 5, 1840 (d. 1944). New Zealand pacifist who opposed Boer War; promoted arbitration and disarmament as alternatives to war; she said she "would live, and die, for Peace" (Dict. New Zealand Bio.); opposed conscription 1909; teacher, feminist, suffragist, poet.

Quotations

"[T]he cult of Moloch had widened and strengthened until it appeared to have become the ruling passion of the human race." (May 1900, in Megan Hutching, "'Mothers of the World': Women, Peace and Arbitration." New Zealand Journal of History, p. 176, 1993)

"[I]f any section of humanity has cause to be interested in the prevention of war, that section is womenkind. . . In the wider field of devastated homes and maimed lives, and it is the women who have had to bear the brunt of this suffering." (London, July 1899, in Hutching, p. 176; photo nzhistory.net.nz)

Eva-Lee Baird

Overview

Eva-Lee Baird born New York, NY April 29, 1940. Grandmother for Peace; art teacher; photographer; arrested 2005 for protest at New York recruiting station; acquitted; Toys-R-us protest 2006; protested Obama wars 2009.

Quotations

We’ve been involved in social justice and civil rights all our adult lives.” (The Daily Beast, Dec. 4, 2014)

"The merchants of war are putting tremendous pressure on President Obama to lead the country down a path of destruction. We the people must pressure him to choose the path of peace." (March 17, 2009, Joan Wile blog; photo the epoch times)

Matilde Bajer

Overview

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Matilde Bajer (née Schlüter) born Frederikseg, Denmark January 4, 1840 (d. 1934). Danish peace leader; peace partner of 1908 Nobel Peace Prize laureate; feminist and suffragist. Founded Danish Women's Peace Assn., 1906; first woman elected to Danish upper house, 1918; first president Women's Union for Progress, 1886. (photo da.Wikipedia)