Gail Bradbrook

Overview

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Gail Bradbrook born South Elmsall, West Yorkshire, England April 30, 1972. Environmental activist. Co-founded Compassionate Revolution, 2015, and its successor Extinction Rebellion, 2018.

Quotations

Our children are at risk of not having food to eat in a few years’ time. . . the severity of this is incredible. It’s unprecedented in humanity. Human extinction in our children’s lifetime.” (BBC, Apr. 18, 2019; photo independent.academia)

Louie Bennett

Overview

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Louie Bennett born Rathgar, Dublin, Ireland January 7, 1870 (d. 1956). Irish suffragist, peace activist, labor leader, and novelist. Anti-colonialist; anti-militarist. Member of WILPF and Fellowship of Reconciliation; delegate to League of Nations and International Labor Organization. Opposed World War I, conscription, 1918. Women’s Peace Committee mediator in civil war, 1922. Life partner of pacifist Helen Chenevix. Post-World War II advocate of nuclear disarmament.

Quotations

A pacifist first, and before anything.” (Ellen Hazelkorn, Saothar, p. 34)

I do not care for a pacifism which is not truly international, which is not tolerant toward all nations.” (Sep. 3, 1966 to Hanna Sheehy-Skeffington, Hazelkorn, p. 34; photo irishtimes.com)

Eva Bacon

Overview

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Eva Bacon (née Goldner) born Vienna, Austria October 1, 1890 (d. 1994). Austrian dress designer; socialist; feminist; pacifist. Secretary for International Women’s Day; WILPF member. Resisted Hitler and Nazi regime. Opposed Vietnam War, Gulf War, nuclear weapons and tests; supported conscientious objection.

Quotations

I will die a rebel!” (Pam Young Obituaries Australia; photo flickr.com)

Cecile Brunschwigg

Overview

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Cecile Brunschwigg (née Cécile Kahn) born Enghien-les-Bains, France July 19, 1877 (d. 1946). French militant feminist; pacifist. Vice-President, Feminist Union for the League of Nations; Undersecretary of State for Education, 1936. Aided German refugees.

Quotations

[Women should] raise their voices so that Statesmen make war on war.” (“Le problème du désarmement à la Conférence de Paris”, La Française, Dec. 1931; photo Her Blueprint: Clio)

Eleanor Barton

Overview

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Eleanor Barton (née Stockton) born Manchester, England July 13, 1872 (d. 1960). British cooperative activist. As head of Women’s Co-operative Guild, 1925-37, introduced the pacifist white poppy, 1933. Active in Peace Pledge Union and Hands Off Russia campaign.

Quotations

It will take great courage to wear white poppies when all your friends and neighbors are wearing red poppies. . . If you can walk in the streets wearing a white poppy when everyone else has a red one, I shall say you are a brave woman.” (Birmingham Gazette, Jun. 22, 1933; photo Wikipedia)

Nicoline Beck-Meyer

Overview

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Nicoline Beck-Meyer born Vendsyssel, Denmark November 27, 1856 (d. ?). Danish author and poet. Spoke on “Universal Peace” at World’s Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893.

Quotations

Peace! What is peace? It is not rest, but growth. Peace is the condition which will be brought on when love is reigning and justice is fulfilled.” (Woman’s War for Peace, Congress of Representative Women, p. 729; photo A Celebration of Women Writers)

Margaret Ann Backhouse

Overview

Margaret Ann Backhouse born Darlington, Durham, England May 4, 1884 (d. 1977). Quaker head of Friends Service Council who received Nobel Peace Prize for Quaker relief 1947; founded British Campfire Girls 1921; teacher Westhill College, Birmingham.

Quotations

War will not cease until mankind has learnt the positive nature of peace. We speak of the present and the between-the-war period as 'peace-time' but we all know that it would be truer to describe the condition as the period when there is no official warfare. There is not peace in the minds of men and there will not be until we have replaced misunderstanding by sympathy—fear by trust—jealousy and hatred by love.” (Oslo, Dec. 12, 1947)

Alice Bailey

Overview

Alice Bailey (née Bateman) born Manchester, England June 16, 1880 (d. 1949). Esoteric teacher, promoter of UN; founder of World Goodwill 1932, "Love in Action."

Quotations

"What are right human relations but love among men, groups and nations? What is international cooperation but love on a world scale?" (Externalisation of the Hierarchy, p. 602, 1957; photo divinetruth.com)

Matilde Bajer

Overview

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Matilde Bajer (née Schlüter) born Frederikseg, Denmark January 4, 1840 (d. 1934). Danish peace leader; peace partner of 1908 Nobel Peace Prize laureate; feminist and suffragist. Founded Danish Women's Peace Assn., 1906; first woman elected to Danish upper house, 1918; first president Women's Union for Progress, 1886. (photo da.Wikipedia)

Christina C. Bakker-van Bosse

Overview

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Christina C. Bakker-van Bosse born Batavia, Java, Dutch East Indies June 17, 1884 (d. 1963). Dutch pacifist and feminist; co-founded NAOR Netherlands Antiwar League 1914; founded women’s organization DAWIEC; book on European minorities The Open Wound of Europe 1930; only woman founder of World Federation of UN Associations WFUNA 1946; Women’s mission to Palestine 1935.

Florence Balgarnie

Overview

Florence Balgarnie born Scarborough, Yorkshire, England August 19, 1856 (d. 1928). Militant British suffragette; international speaker on reform; pacifist leader of International Arbitration & Peace Association; Secretary of British Anti-lynching League.

Quotations

"If only the women of England could be made to feel half as much for the horrors of a great battle as they cared for the smashing of their best tea-things at home, we should very soon see war cease." (Heloise Brown, The Truest Form of Patriotism, p. 128, 2003)

Anna Laetitia Barbauld

Overview

Anna Laetitia Barbauld (née Aikin) born Kibworth-Harcourt, Leicestershire, England June 20, 1743 (d. 1825). English poet schoolmistress who wrote against slave trade and war.

Quotations

"War is a state in which all our feelings and our duties suffer a total and strange inversion." ("Sins of Government", Works vol. II, p.107; photo martinfrost.ws)

Mary Barbour

Overview

Mary Barbour (née Rough) born Kilbarchan, Scotland February 22, 1875 (d. 1958). Labor organizer; pacifist; birth control advocate for married women. Organized "Mrs. Barbour's Army," comprising tens of thousands of women in nonviolent rent strike in Glasgow, 1916; founded Scottish branch of International League and Women's Peace Crusade protesting World War I, 1916. Established the Women's Welfare and Advisory Clinic, Glasgow's first family planning center, 1925.

Quotations

“Mrs. Barbour's Army brought the maisters tae their knees
Wi' a regiment in pinnies backed by one in dungarees.”

(Alistair Hulett song)

Nora Stanton Blatch Barney

Overview

Nora Stanton Blatch Barney born Basingstoke, Hampshire, England September 30, 1883 (d. 1971). First American woman civil engineer; radio electronics pioneer and architect; third-generation suffragist peacemaker: granddaughter of Seneca Falls pioneer Elizabeth Cady Stanton, daughter of Harriot Stanton Blatch; author of World Peace Through a Peoples Parliament (1944); opposed Korean War.

Quotations

"Travel by stagecoach is out of date. Kings are out of date: communication by canalboat is out of date; an aristocracy is out of date, none more so than a male aristocracy." (1909, in Suzanne Fischer, "Nora Stanton Blatch", Public Historian, 2010; photo Britannica.com)

Ruth Tiffany Barnhouse

Overview

Ruth Tiffany Barnhouse born Grenoble, France October 23, 1924 (d. 1999). American psychiatrist, professor at Southern Methodist University, and Episcopal priest. Keynote speaker on "Peace, the Universal Yearning: the Voices of Women” at the first International Women’s Peace Conference, Dallas, 1988. President of Peacemakers, 1988.

Quotations

"Women underestimate their own gifts. . . We are in serious trouble when the feminine principle is devalued. Women appreciate the role of emotion in good decision making." (Aug. 8, 1988, in Episcopal News Service, Sept. 22, 1988; crop keep photo on left; salon.com)

Madeleine Barot

Overview

Madeleine Barot born Châteauroux, France July 4, 1909 (d. 1995). French theologian in World War II Resistance, aiding escape of Jews, Roma and political opponents of Hitler; ecumenical scholar; opponent of torture; founded Creators of Peace 1991.

Quotations

"Women are more sensitive to the injustices others are suffering. . . This thirst for justice leads them to become peacemakers." (Michael Henderson, All Her Paths Are Peace, p. 2, 1994; photo archives.wcc-coe.org)

Suzanne Bastid

Overview

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Suzanne Bastid (née Basdevant) born Rennes, Brittany, France August 15, 1906 (d. 1965). International lawyer, first French woman professor of law; on first international (League of Nations) committee on status of women 1937; President World Court 1949-52.

Quotations

"[The right to use force] exists only in the case of legitimate defence and collective action against aggression." (Cours d'Institutions Internationales, p. 247, 1956; photo intlawgirls)

Agnes Bauerlein

Overview

Agnes Bauerlein (née Schretien) born Nijmegen, Netherlands February 12, 1928 (d. 2015). American war resister after family died in allied bombing 1944; social worker; influenced by Dorothy Day; welcomed Vietnamese refugees 1975; put up Berrigans during their trial 1982; arrested DC for nuclear protest; jailed 10 days for destroying nuclear weapons plans in AVCO plant 1983; month in Iraq desert with Gulf Peace Team 1991 trying to avert war. a week in prison for Iraq War protest 2001.

Quotations

It is my fear that we in the U.S. are just as apathetic as the German population in the late 1930s. I certainly see apathy on the nuclear issue. The U.S. military complex is alive and well, and the prospect of its growth is very real unless we, the American people, let our democratic government know that we don’t need it.” (Satya, Sep. 2001; photo New York Times)

Beatrix of The Netherlands

Overview

Queen Beatrix of The Netherlands, born Baarn, Netherlands January 31, 1938. Received pacifist education in Bilthoven; awarded Charlemagne Prize for European Unity, 1996.

Quotations

"We must not confine peace and freedom, security and wealth only to Western Europe. That would be inequitable and shortsighted." (Acceptance speech; 2008 photo Wikipedia)