Zonia Baber

Overview

Zonia Baber (née Mary Arizona) born Kansas, IL August 24, 1862 (d. 1956). Geography professor; feminist; pacifist; anti-racist; anti-imperialist; WILPF member of Balch mission to Haiti 1926 leading to end of US military occupation; promoted Puerto Rican suffrage; mapped world peace monuments.

Quotations

"[A] drift toward imperialism, a movement veiled and therefore more dangerous, dangerous to the liberty of our neighbors, dangerous to our own democracy." (Baber and Balch, Occupied Haiti, p. 149, 1926; 1924 photo Swarthmore Peace Coll. WILPF)

Michelle Bachelet

Overview

Michelle Bachelet born Santiago, Chile September 29, 1951. Headed UN Gender Equality 2010; first woman President of Chile 2006; imprisoned and tortured by Pinochet; as first President of Union of South American Nations (Unasur) 2008 called summit to mediate in Bolivia; pediatrician.

Quotations

"Because I was the victim of hate, I have consecrated my life to converting that hate into understanding, into tolerance, and why not say it, love." (Jan. 15, 2006; photo celebritiesheight.com)

Margaret Ann Backhouse

Overview

Margaret Ann Backhouse born Darlington, Durham, England May 4, 1884 (d. 1977). Quaker head of Friends Service Council who received Nobel Peace Prize for Quaker relief 1947; founded British Campfire Girls 1921; teacher Westhill College, Birmingham.

Quotations

War will not cease until mankind has learnt the positive nature of peace. We speak of the present and the between-the-war period as 'peace-time' but we all know that it would be truer to describe the condition as the period when there is no official warfare. There is not peace in the minds of men and there will not be until we have replaced misunderstanding by sympathy—fear by trust—jealousy and hatred by love.” (Oslo, Dec. 12, 1947)

Gertrud Baer

Overview

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Gertrud Baer born Hamburg, Germany November 25, 1890 (d. 1981). German-American feminist; pacifist; delegate to WILPF conference Hague, 1919; International President WILPF, 1932-7; head of Equal Rights International, Open Door International for Economic Emancipation of the Woman Worker.

Quotations

"Conflicts will never be settled by brute force. Brute force breeds brute force, which means destruction; what Europe needs today is productive work and peaceful reconstruction." ("Germany's Part in World Reconstruction", Annals of Am. Academy, July 1922, p. 146; photo Swarth. Col. Peace Col.)

Zuleikhan Bagalova

Overview

Zuleikhan Bagalova born Kara-Balta, Kazakhstan June 2, 1945. Leading Chechen actress and director. Demonstrated horrors of first Chechen War in Moscow, 1997; joined Russian appeals to world leaders against second war, 2001, 2003. Nobel Peace Prize nominee, 2005.

Quotations

[T]his is a commercial war. We see how the Russians export oil in convoys protected by armoured personnel carriers and helicopters. Maybe Putin wishes to end this conflict but not all of his generals are rich enough yet and not all the 'mercenaries' are generals.” (Institute for War and Peace Reporting, July 6, 2001; photo Wikimedia)

Alice Bailey

Overview

Alice Bailey (née Bateman) born Manchester, England June 16, 1880 (d. 1949). Esoteric teacher, promoter of UN; founder of World Goodwill 1932, "Love in Action."

Quotations

"What are right human relations but love among men, groups and nations? What is international cooperation but love on a world scale?" (Externalisation of the Hierarchy, p. 602, 1957; photo divinetruth.com)

Hannah Johnston Bailey

Overview

Hannah Johnston Bailey born Cornwall-on-the-Hudson, NY July 5, 1839 (d. 1923). Quaker head of Peace & Arbitration Department of Women's Christian Temperance Union 30 years 1887-1916, the most influential American peace organization of the last quarter of nineteenth century; editor of two peace publications, Pacific Banner and The Acorn 1889-1895; opposed all wars and conscription; suffragist, opposed capital punishment; officer of Universal Peace Union promoting nonviolent resolution of disputes, opposing imperialism; joined Women’s Peace Party opposing World War I, and WILPF.

Quotations

"The subject of peace is one of vital importance to women. . . It is her mission to bring life, not death, to this world. It is not consistent with this mission that she should bring sons into the world, and in sorrow and self sacrifice bring them to noble manhood to be slain in battle. The life of one boy (if he were my boy) is of more value than the perpetuation of a government." (1887 Lake Mohonk Conference, in John Craig, "Hannah Johnston Bailey." Quaker History, p. 3, Spring 1995; photo Swarthmore Peace Coll.)

Wilhelmina Sherriff Bain

Overview

Wilhelmina Sherriff Bain born Edinburgh, Scotland September 5, 1840 (d. 1944). New Zealand pacifist who opposed Boer War; promoted arbitration and disarmament as alternatives to war; she said she "would live, and die, for Peace" (Dict. New Zealand Bio.); opposed conscription 1909; teacher, feminist, suffragist, poet.

Quotations

"[T]he cult of Moloch had widened and strengthened until it appeared to have become the ruling passion of the human race." (May 1900, in Megan Hutching, "'Mothers of the World': Women, Peace and Arbitration." New Zealand Journal of History, p. 176, 1993)

"[I]f any section of humanity has cause to be interested in the prevention of war, that section is womenkind. . . In the wider field of devastated homes and maimed lives, and it is the women who have had to bear the brunt of this suffering." (London, July 1899, in Hutching, p. 176; photo nzhistory.net.nz)

Eva-Lee Baird

Overview

Eva-Lee Baird born New York, NY April 29, 1940. Grandmother for Peace; art teacher; photographer; arrested 2005 for protest at New York recruiting station; acquitted; Toys-R-us protest 2006; protested Obama wars 2009.

Quotations

We’ve been involved in social justice and civil rights all our adult lives.” (The Daily Beast, Dec. 4, 2014)

"The merchants of war are putting tremendous pressure on President Obama to lead the country down a path of destruction. We the people must pressure him to choose the path of peace." (March 17, 2009, Joan Wile blog; photo the epoch times)

Matilde Bajer

Overview

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Matilde Bajer (née Schlüter) born Frederikseg, Denmark January 4, 1840 (d. 1934). Danish peace leader; peace partner of 1908 Nobel Peace Prize laureate; feminist and suffragist. Founded Danish Women's Peace Assn., 1906; first woman elected to Danish upper house, 1918; first president Women's Union for Progress, 1886. (photo da.Wikipedia)

Ella Baker

Overview

Ella Baker born Norfolk, VA December 13, 1903 (d. 1986). Nonviolent human rights activist; founder of Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, 1960; Southern Christian Leadership Council, 1957; Director NAACP, 1943-6; protested Ethiopian War, 1936; WILPF.

Quotations

"We are not fighting for the freedom of the Negro alone, but for the freedom of the human spirit, a larger freedom that encompasses all mankind." (Zinn SNCC 106; photo Ella Baker Ctr. wikicommons pd)

Sara Josephine Baker

Overview

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Sara Josephine Baker born Poughkeepsie, NY November 15, 1873 (d. 1945). Physician; first US woman to serve in League of Nations, as representative to Health Committee, 1922-4; pioneer in public health, esp. for immigrants.

Quotations

"Women could force the world to abandon war as a national policy if they would simply refuse to bear children until governments came to their senses, or realized that there would be no future soldiers." (Fighting for Life, p. 243; photo pd Wiki)

Ivonne A-Baki

Overview

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Ivonne Abdel-Baki (née Leila Ivonne Juez) born Guayaquil, Ecuador February 23, 1951. Artist; diplomat; peacemaker; head of Yasuní rainforest conservation project in Amazon. Founded Art for Peace, 1997; instrumental in Peru-Ecuador peace, 1998. Presidential candidate, 2002; Trade Minister, 2003-05; President of Andean Parliament, 2007-08; candidate for head of UNESCO, 2009. Created Galapagos Conservancy Foundation, 2009; UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador.

Quotations

"Women have the ability to understand the issues in different ways than men. They are better equipped to see the interests of both sides. Usually, men see their own position and move very little. A woman tries to find the way to compromise—maybe you have to give up a little, but everyone wins. . . Peace is not just about non-violence. It's not just about stopping wars. It's about inclusion. People want to be accepted in society as human beings no matter where they are from or what religion they are from or what color they are." (Sage Magazine, November 29, 2012; photo Twitter)

Christina C. Bakker-van Bosse

Overview

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Christina C. Bakker-van Bosse born Batavia, Java, Dutch East Indies June 17, 1884 (d. 1963). Dutch pacifist and feminist; co-founded NAOR Netherlands Antiwar League 1914; founded women’s organization DAWIEC; book on European minorities The Open Wound of Europe 1930; only woman founder of World Federation of UN Associations WFUNA 1946; Women’s mission to Palestine 1935.

Dora Bakoyannis

Overview

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Dora Bakoyannis (née Mitsotakis) born Athens, Greece May 6, 1954. Greek Minister of Foreign Affairs 2006; Mayor of Athens 2002-6; Minister of Culture 1992-3; chaired UN Security Council 2006 ceasefire Lebanon; promoted European Union Lisbon Treaty 2007.

Quotations

"Smart power is much more than brains. . . Much of our success depends on the heart; on the force of our values. These common principles include respect of democracy, human rights, free trade, free enterprise, tolerance of cultural, linguistic and religious diversity." (Feb. 13, 2008, Washington D.C.; photo Wikipedia)