Women peacemakers born today
1843 Bertha von Suttner born Prague (d. 1914). Author of antiwar Lay Down Your Arms, 1889; first woman to win Nobel Peace Prize, 1905. Founded Austrian Peace Society, 1891; leader at first Hague Peace Conference, 1899.
1921 Myrtle Solomon born Kensington, London (d. 1987). Lesbian pacifist. Head of War Resisters International, 1975-86.
1945 Marianne Laxén born Helsinki, Finland. Finnish feminist peacemaker; chair WILPF Finland; active since 1970 in peace movement (Finnish Peace Union); democratic socialist, Vice President Socialist International Women; expert in Swedish ministry of gender equality 2001-10; adviser to Nordic Council.
1948 Gudrun Schyman born Tãby, Uppland, Sweden. Feminist politician; Member of parliament; led Socialist Left Party 1993-2003; founded Feminist Initiative Party 2005; opposed NATO militarization of North.
1954 Elizabeth May born Hartford, CT. Canadian environmental activist lawyer. Founded anti-nuclear Small Party, 1980; sued to prevent government application of Agent Orange, 1982. Founded Sierra Club of Canada, 1989. Leader of Green Party, 2006; first Green Party member of Parliament, 2011.
1957 Mara Marinaki born Thessaloniki, Greece. European Ambassador and Principal Adviser on Gender 2015; Greek diplomat; achieved 50/50 ratio of woman heads of European field missions 2016.
Women's peacemaking on this day
1872 Julia Ward Howe's first celebration of Mothers' Peace Day.
1934 Mrs. Bopabandhu led women in barefoot walk for untouchables with Gandhi, at Wardha.
1947 Eleanor Roosevelt convened first meeting of UN human rights drafting group at Lake Success, NY. "My most important task."
1981 Meg Gage founded the Peace Development Fund.
1985 Declaration of Women's International Peace Conference, Halifax. "We reject a world order based on domination, exploitation, patriarchy, racism and sexism."
1993 Serb police banned Women in Black vigil, Belgrade.
1994 In Belém do Pará, Brazil, the General Assembly of the Organization of American States signed the Inter-American Convention on the Prevention, Punishment and Eradication of Violence Against Women.
2010 Diane Wilson poured oily goo on herself at US Senate hearing on BP oil spill.
2015 Five Raging Grannies arrested for chaining themselves in rocking chairs to block Seattle oil terminal.
2017 Canada launched Feminist International Assistance Policy.