Women peacemakers born today
1877 Kate Richards O’Hare born Ada, KS (d. 1948). Socialist leader; prison reformer. First major protester against World War I. Organized Children’s Crusade, a march on Washington DC to demand amnesty for war resisters, 1922.
1896 Clara Lemlich Shavelson born Gorodok, Ukraine (d. 1982). American labor leader, noted for Uprising of 20,000 shirtwaist workers 1909; suffragist; pacifist Communist; organized American League Against War and Fascism in 1930s; protested nuclear weapons; promoted UN Genocide Convention; opposed Vietnam War.
1943 Elaine Chao born Taipei, Taiwan. Third female director of US Peace Corps, 1991-92; sent first volunteers to post-Soviet Russia. First Chinese-American Cabinet member, serving as Secretary of Labor, 2001-07.
Women's peacemaking on this day
1915 Kathleen D’Olier Courtney decried the powerful making enemies of the powerless by leading them to war.
1969 Shirley Chisholm's maiden speech denounced the Vietnam War as, "[a] return to the era of the Cold War, to ignore the war we must fight here—the war that is not optional."
1997 Susan Lee Solar led a meeting of the Council of Women to End the Nuclear Age met at the Nevada Test Site.
2011 Syrian women of Salamia began nonviolent protest against Assad regime, continuing for over two years.