Women peacemakers born today
1884 Margaret Ann Backhouse born Darlington, Durham, England (d. 1977). Quaker head of Friends Service Council who received Nobel Peace Prize for Quaker relief, 1947; founded British Campfire Girls, 1921; teacher Westhill College, Birmingham.
1925 Ruth First born Johannesburg, South Africa (d. 1982). Journalist, author, and editor. Communist; anti-Apartheid leader; assassinated by bomb sent by South African security forces. Arrested for treason, 1956; interned 117 days; exiled, 1963.
1929 Audrey Hepburn born Brussels, Belgium (d. 1993). Film actress; grew up under German occupation of Netherlands. UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador with missions to Ethiopia, Somalia, Vietnam, Bangladesh, South America, 1988-93.
1938 Birgit Brock-Utne born Oslo, Norway. Scholar of peace; world authority on women and peace.
1952 Vera Lengsfeld born Sondershausen, Thuringia, Germany. Civil rights activist; politician. As peacemaker, co-founded Pankow Peace Circle, a nonviolent resistance organization opposed to the East German regime, 1981. Member of Reichstag, 1990-2005. Awarded Aachen Peace Prize, 1990.
1857 Caroline Playne born Avening, Gloucestershire, England (d. 1948). Historian of war and peace. Anticipating WWI, co-founded National Peace Council, 1904. Attended International Peace Council, London, 1908. Banned from Hague Women's Peace Congress, 1915.
Women's peacemaking on this day
387 Death of St. Monica, nonviolent saint of Hippo, Algeria, Berber mother of Augustine.
1970 Allison Krause and Sandra Scheuer killed at Kent State University by soldiers of National Guard opposing Vietnam War protest by students, 12:22 pm.
2009 In Washington DC, six members of Code Pink protested at American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC) Conference. “Want Peace? End the Occupation.”
2013 In Columbus, Ohio, the Women’s Federation for World Peace (WFWP) held a Bridge of Peace meeting with Women's Auxiliary of Ahmadiyya Muslim Community. “Love for all, hatred for none.”