Women peacemakers born today
1856 Lucia Ames Mead born Boscawen, NH (d. 1936). Pioneering American internationalist; anti-imperialist; pacifist; suffragist. Co-founded Women's Peace Party with Jane Addams, 1915; founding member of WILPF.
1882 Sylvia Pankhurst born Manchester, England (d. 1960). British suffragist; Socialist-Communist. Opposed World War I; led London protest march against conscription, 1916. Founded newspaper Women's Dreadnought.
1886 Margaret Brackenbury Crook born Dymock, Gloucestershire, England (d. 1972). Radical suffragist and feminist; professor of religion at Smith College. First British Unitarian woman minister. Counseled World War I conscientious objectors; served in Quaker relief during war, 1916-17.
1908 Mary Elmes born Cork, Ireland (d. 2002). Irish nurse. Served as nurse for Quaker American Friends Service Committee (AFSC) during Spanish Civil War, 1937-39. Arrested, 1943; jailed six months. Received Righteous Among the Nations Award for saving lives of Jewish children in France during WWII under auspices of AFSC.
1915 Helvi L. Sipilä born Helsinki, Finland. Finnish lawyer. Highest-ranking woman in UN as first woman Assistant Secretary General, 1972-80; organized first International Women's Conference Mexico, 1975; started first development fund for women, 1976.
1918 Margaret Harrison born Dumbarton, Scotland (d. 2015). British peace activist; co-founded Faslane Peace Camp 1981; arrested 14 times for nonviolent protests; began protests 1951 in CND Aldermaston March.
1921 Dorothy R. Steffens born NY (d. 1999) Quaker economist. Executive Director of US WILPF, 1971-77. Headed delegation to Chile to investigate allegations of Pinochet regime's human rights abuses, 1973; led peace mission to Northern Ireland, 1974. Organized Women's Disarmament Conference at UN, 1975.
1970 Naomi Klein born Montreal, Quebec. Canadian journalist, author and activist.
Women's peacemaking on this day
1954 Barbara Reynolds launched yacht "Phoenix" at Hiroshima, for anti-nuclear protest in Pacific.
1991 Greenham Common victory: Last US cruise missile gone.
1992 Serb mothers in Belgrade demanded return of their soldier sons.
2009 Dr. Margaret Flowers arrested for attempt to testify to US Senate on single-payer healthcare.
2012 In Tomari, Hokkaido, the last of 50 Japanese reactors closed, in response to protest by Kaori Izumi.
2017 Hundreds of Caracas women in white protested government repression.