May 3

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1879 Alice Masaryk born Vienna, Austria (d. 1966). Czech humanitarian, sociologist; founded first national social work school 1928; “First Lady of Czechosovakia” 1922-35; nurse in WWI, of which she disapproved; imprisoned Vienna 9 months for treason, as daughter of Thomas Masaryk (first Czech President); first President Czech Red Cross 1919; exiled 1939-45, 1949.

  • 1898 Septima P. Clark born Charleston, SC (d. 1981). "Grandmother of American civil rights movement." Nonviolent teacher at Highlander Folk School, 1954; colleague of Martin Luther King, Jr. in SCLC; pioneered Citizenship Schools.

  • 1929 Jahanara Imam born Sundapur, Murshidabad, West Bengal, British India (d. 1994). “Mother of Martyrs.” Led movement for trial of criminals of Bangladeshi War of Liberation 1971; author and teacher.

  • 1932 Edith Bruck born Tiszakarád, Hungary. Italian writer, poet, and cinematographer; holocaust survivor. Member of Ara Pacis Initiative Council for Dignity, Forgiveness, Justice & Reconciliation.

  • 1961 Leyla Zana born Silvan, Diyarbakır. Turkish Kurd politician; first Kurdish woman elected to national parliament, 1991. Sentenced to 15-year prison term for wearing Kurdish colors, 1994.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • 1951 In Arkansas, 16-year-old Barbara Johns protested segregation, supported by Moton High School students' parents' endorsement, leading to Brown v. Board of Education decision.

  • 1980 300 women of WONT (Women Opposed to Nuclear Technology) held protest, Hartford, CT.

  • 2005 Lana Jacobs and husband arrested for digging graves on Missouri University campus to protest Iraq War.

  • 2010 Carol Huston arrested Grand Central Terminal for dropping banner “TALK LESS; DISARM MORE.”

  • 2014 Congresswoman Eddie Bernice Johnson hosted 14th annual A World of Women for World Peace Conference, Dallas, TX.