Septima P. Clark


Septima Poinsette Clark born Charleston, SC May 3, 1898 (d. 1981). "Grandmother of American civil rights movement." Nonviolent teacher at Highlander Folk School, 1954; colleague of Martin Luther King, Jr. in SCLC; pioneered Citizenship Schools.


"I am one dedicated person working for freedom." (Lisa Baumgartner, Adult Ed. Research Conf. AERC, Jan. 1996; photo