Clara Barton born Oxford, MA December 25, 1821 (d. 1912). Pioneering war nurse, providing what she called "war on war itself." Founded American Red Cross, 1881, and extension of relief to peacetime disasters; achieved US signature to Geneva Convention, 1882.
"If we would do efficient work in alleviating the sufferings caused by the barbarisms of war. . . we should organize philanthropic efforts and be ready for whatever is necessary, to be on the field at the sound of the first gun." (The Red Cross, p. 26; 1866 Brady photo wikicommons pd)