María Chinchilla Recinos born Las Animas, Asuncion Mita, Guatemala September 2, 1903. Girl’s school teacher; "the first martyr" shot to death by mounted soldiers 1944 in nonviolent protest in Guatemala City which led to overthrow of dictator Ubico; dressed in mourning, women called for end to bloodshed.
"Brave women! We too are not frightened!" (crowd's response per Galvez, in Ileana Ochoa dissertation "Asociaciones Femininas", 2002, p. 71; photo mariachinchilla.blogspot.com)