Women peacemakers born today
1811 Mary Anna Longstreth (d. 1884). Quaker absolute pacifist headmistress who founded Quaker girl's school Philadelphia 1829 at age 18; ran it until 1877; promoted Hampton Academy for Indians and Blacks; co-founded world’s first Women's Medical College Philadelphia 1850.
1903 Maria Chinchilla Recinos born Las Animas, Asuncion Mita, Guatemala. Girl’s school teacher; "the first martyr" shot to death by mounted soldiers 1944 in nonviolent protest in Guatemala City which led to overthrow of dictator Ubico; dressed in mourning, women called for end to bloodshed.
1918 Claire Culhane born Montreal (d. 1996). Nurse; leading Canadian opponent of Vietnam War in "Enough/Assez" campaign; established hospital in Vietnam 1967; 10 day fast for peace 1968; opposed Cold War and atomic bomb; prison abolitionist.
1978 Luz Méndez de la Vega born Retalhuleu, Guatemala (d. 2012). Leading literary figure, poet, writer, and actress; peacemaker: only woman negotiator final peace agreement, 1996.
1966 Salma Hayek born Coatzacoalcos, Vera Cruz. Mexican actress and producer; leader in opposing violence against women, and UNICEF advocate promoting vaccination.
1967 Nora Chengeto Tapiwa born Buhera, Zimbabwe (d. 2014). Zimbabwean community and labor organizer; exiled, 2002; leader of Zimbabwe diaspora; peacemaker in anti-immigrant riots Johannesburg 2008; Joan Kroc peacemaker, 2010.
Women's peacemaking on this day
1925 Pattie Hockaday Field appointed first U.S. woman vice consul, Amsterdam.
1936 Call to Women, Brussels; seven international women's groups called for women's voices in International Peace Campaign meeting Sept. 3-6.
1941 First Conference of Institute of World Organization run by Prof. Laura Puffer Morgan, Washington DC.
1983 Grindstone Conference on Women & Militarism, Ontario, Canada.
1998 The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda found Jean-Paul Akayesu guilty of war crimes, including the first international conviction for sexual assault as genocide.
2007 Peace mission to Chad to stop Darfur violence led by Mary Robinson.
2009 50 Mindanao Women met to stop violence to civilians.
2014 Ohio University student senate president Megan Marzec poured a bucket of fake blood over her head, protesting Israeli occupation of Gaza.