Women peacemakers born today
1803 Prudence Crandall born Hope Valley, RI (d. 1890). Quaker pacifist. First to admit black students to her Canterbury, CT school, 1833; arrested for violation of Black Law; speaker on abolition and suffrage.
1878 Madeleine Vernet born Le Houlme, Normandy (d. 1949). French journalist, poet and teacher; anarchist, militant pacifist who opposed all wars; founded League of Women Against War, 1921; started Volonté de Paix, 1927; promoted conscientious objection.
1881 Magda Hoppstock-Huth born Hamburg (d. 1959). Co-founded German WILPF, 1916. Opposed anti-Semitism; defended minorities, 1930s; arrested, 1944, rescued from Fuhlbüttel prison, 1945. In postwar political career, opposed nuclear weapons, Cold War and German remilitarization; advocated total disarmament.
1911 Yvonne Dumont (née Fafe) born Paris, France (d. 1986). French Communist politician; active in Resistance WWII; member of postwar Movement for Peace; delegate of pacifist Women’s International Democratic Federation to UNESCO; believed women worked best politically through pacifist protests.
1961 Isabelle Ameganvi born Kpalimé, Togo. Togolese lawyer, legislator, and human rights activist. Initiated Lysistrata-style sex strike for Let’s Save Togo campaign, followed by two women’s marches, 2012.
1969 Jaine Rose born England. Gloucestershire artist and weaver; self-styled witch. Founded Wool against Weapons Action (AWE); conceived 7-mile-long pink "peace scarf" against Trident missiles from Aldermaston to Burghfield, Berkshire, 2014.
Women's peacemaking on this day
1791 Declaration of the Rights of Women by Olympe de Gouges. "Man, are you capable of being just?"
1934 Zürich Conference of WILPF organized by German exile Gertrud Baer.
1981 Magna Carta of Women, CEDAW, UN Convention on Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women became effective.
2014 Afghan woman Samira Hamidi protested the lack of women at NATO summit in Wales with a sign reading "TALK TO ME—NOT ABOUT ME"