Mary Whiton Calkins


Mary Whiton Calkins born Hartford, CT March 30, 1863 (d. 1930). Pacifist; professor of psychology and philosophy; first female president of the American Psychological Association. Member of Fellowship of Reconciliation; member of WILPF. Defended Sacco and Vanzetti in print; advocated pacifism in World War I; believed in the ethical duty of loyalty to the universal community.


“[T]he devotion of man to the universal community is no mystic attitude but practical service.” (Good Man & the Good, 1918, p. 59; photo