Women peacemakers born today
1858 Hypatia Bradlaugh Bonner born London, England (d. 1943). Peace activist, prominent atheist; founded Rationalist Peace Society 1910; opposed imperialism, Boer War, death penalty.
1863 Mary Whiton Calkins born Hartford, CT (d. 1930). Pacifist; professor of psychology and philosophy; first female president of the American Psychological Association. Member of Fellowship of Reconciliation; member of WILPF. Defended Sacco and Vanzetti in print; advocated pacifism in World War I; believed in the ethical duty of loyalty to the universal community.
1874 Clara Ragaz (née Nadig) born Chur, Switzerland (d. 1957). Swiss peace leader; women’s rights advocate. Founding member WILPF, 1915; WILPF Swiss Vice-President, 1929-46.
1880 Anna Rochester born New York, NY (d. 1966). Marxist historian; labor reformer. Editor of pacifist magazine World Tomorrow, 1922-26; early leader of Christian Socialist Fellowship of Reconciliation. Founded women’s commune with partner Grace Hutchins, 1920.
1930 Joanne Grant born Utica, NY (d. 2005). Civil rights historian; filmmaker; journalist. Worked with W.E.B. DuBois at NAACP, 1959; co-founded SNCC, 1960. One of the first visitors to Communist China, 1957; also made friendship visits to USSR and Cuba.
1949 MacGregor Eddy born 1949. Nurse and antiwar protester. Member of WILPF, the War Resisters League, and the Global Network Against Weapons and Nuclear Power in Space.
1950 Catherine Bertini born Syracuse, NY. First woman to lead a UN agency as head of World Food Program, 1992-2002; noted for response to famines in North Korea and the Horn of Africa. Undersecretary of UN Office for Management, 2002.
1956 Carolyn Gomes born Kingston, Jamaica. Pediatrician; founded Jamaicans for Justice to fight extra-judicial killings, 1999. Awarded UN Human Rights Prize, 2008.
1978 Chouchou Namegabe born Bukavu, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Radio journalist. Co-founded South Kivu Women's Media Association AFEM to eradicate sexual violence as weapon of war, 2003; AFEM president, 2005-present.
Women's peacemaking on this day
1959 20,000 marched to Trafalgar Square on the final day of the CND's Aldermaston March.
2007 Code Pink held a sit-in at Speaker Nancy Pelosi’s office to protest the Iraq War.
2011 In Bahrain, Ayat al-Gormezi was arrested and tortured for reading a poem critical of the government.
2012 Syrian actress Fadwa Suleiman expressed disappointment at the resistance movement arming themselves.
2012 Dr. Margaret Flowers led an Occupy EPA protest, Washington DC.